267 

Hematogenous dissemination of tubercle Bacillus, the spread of tuberculosis on the peritoneum from the bones of the pelvis, spine or of the uterus in women, finally, dissemination of tuberculosis by caseous reborn mesenteric lymph glands.

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242 

The food irritation of the stomach quantitative and qualitative nature; poisoning alkalis, acids, salts of heavy metals, arsenic, mercury drugs and so on; toxic effects on the stomach with acute infectious diseases and metabolism disorders, as at uremia, gout, diabetes, Kalemie

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379 

Etiology. Most agilia is a symptom in a number of chronic processes in the stomach and other organs; etiological distinguish ahilii gastritises, infectionamoxicillin, endocrine, reflex and cortical. Sometimes agilia is the primary, long asymptomatic and discovered by random exp

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213 

Etiology. Occurs in connection with the same conditions as gastric atony, as well as on the ground for a long meal, giving little waste (light food), frequent suppression of reflex to the bottom due to the habit of delay defecation, abuse of laxatives and enemas, sedentary life

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295 

As a result of defeat stray nerves in connection with the disease of the Central nervous system organic nature (tabes, neurosyphilis, bleeding in the brain, multiple sclerosis) occurs full or partial loss of the normal tone and peristalsis of the esophagus. Atony of the esophag

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250 

Occurs in parous women after removal of large tumors of the stomach, cystic formations, after releasing large quantities of ascitic fluid, with the rapid weight loss. Thus there is a violation of the tone the abdominal muscles, resulting in thick intestine, on which rests the s

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272 

Etiology. Organic disease of the stomach (gastric ulcer, ulcerative gastritis, polyps of the stomach, gastric cancer), diseases of other organs, causing poor circulation in the stomach (atrophic cirrhosis of the liver, varicose veins of the esophagus, thrombosis of the portal v

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287 

Organic disease of the intestine (duodenal ulcer, peptic ulcer processes in the intestine with dysentery, typhoid fever, malnutrition, polyps and tumors of the intestine, fissures); disorders of the intestinal blood (thrombosis of the mesenteric vessels, piles); a blood disease

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280 

The etiology is not known; often develops on the soil polyps, colitis. The pathogenesis. Developing bowel cancer gradually causes narrowing of the lumen of the last or distributed in the interior of the intestine and on its surface; syazwani, it can lead to suppuration and p

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467 

The etiology is the same as in case of gastritis. In the first place is wrong nutrition over a long period: excessive eating, hasty meal, wrong timing of meals throughout the day, which violates the conditioned reflex communications, poor quality food, poor chewing food, and a

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203 

Etiology and pathogenesis see stomach Cancer.

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246 

Etiology. Along with reasons, in violation of motor function thick guts (anomaly length and clearance of certain intestinal loops, abnormal mobility thick guts), the most important are nutritional aspects, cortical and reflex nervous moments, upsetting the act of defecation, s

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562 

The prevalence of intestinal microorganisms that cause fermentation processes, and the related increased susceptibility mucous membrane of thin intestines to irritating action of fermentation products. The intestines lose the ability to digest cellulose, and can result in diarr

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264 

The introduction of alien intestinal flora bacteria, reinforcing the process of decay or delaying the development of pathogens fermentation, effects on bowel bacteria or poisons, reinforcing the office of the intestinal secretion delay to the emptying of the bowel, leading to p

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204 

Etiology. Errors in the diet with a bad combination of dishes, eating poorly cooked greens, excessive doses of laxatives. The pathogenesis is reduced to functional disturbances of motor and secretory activity of the intestines.

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207 

Etiology and pathogenesis see stomach Cancer.

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212 

Strong emotional turmoil of the character neuropathic individuals with instability of the nervous system lead to convulsive contraction of the esophagus during meals.

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789 

The accumulation of gas in the gastrointestinal tract is on the reinforced soil ingestion, air and food in individuals prone to neuropathy, due to increased formation of intestinal gases from food with the introduction of excess tissue, prolonged delay of gases in the intestine

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541 

Lowering the tone of the stomach is a particular manifestation of lowering the overall tone of the organism, caused by the Central nervous influences. Is observed in the majority of cases in persons, physically poorly developed. The reasons are most often bathygastry , acute or

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331 

The etiology is diverse. Among the most common reasons it should be noted techniques at once large quantities of food, especially drinking. In surgical practice, acute gastric dilatation is observed after chloroform and ether anesthesia, and abdominal operations. The pathogenes

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540 

Increase the acidity of gastric contents occurs as an expression of cortical violations in healthy people and as a symptom of stomach irritation due to damage to its secretory apparatus or diseases of other organs. The most common cause an irritation of the pyloric portion of t

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227 

Severe emotional distress in neuropathic persons migrated light damage to the esophagus, as scratches or minor burn, resulting in increased sensitivity of the esophagus.

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219 

Parasites of the rectum, diseases of the colon, stomach and liver, pancreatic diabetes, hemorrhoids, fissures, fistulas, neuro-cortical factors, neurodermitis.

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277 

Etiology. Affects (sudden excitement, fright, fear) in people with unstable nervous system; reflex effect on the intestines, coming from other organs: bladder, prostate, appendages of the female genital organs and in some diseases of the rectum. The pathogenesis is very diff

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693 

The etiology is diverse. Have the value iatrogenia diseases of the stomach, the range of possible external effects of negative order, severe anxiety, sexual disorders, personality conflicts, disorder neuro-endocrine system and, finally, some organic disease, such as prostate, s

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566 

The etiology of gastric cancer, and cancer in General, is unknown. The pathogenesis is not fully elucidated; he, apparently, is reduced to the transformation of normal gastric cells into malignant. Cancer never occurs in healthy stomach; most often its development is preceded

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608 

The causes and conditions of occurrence of the ulcers are heterogeneous. Clinical and experimental data suggest that both exteroceptive, i.e. coming from the environment, and interoceptive effects, i.e. outgoing of the internal organs (chronic appendicitis, cholecystitis, dyski

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210 

Organic and functional diseases of the esophagus. The most common cause is narrowing of the esophagus on the soil of the tumor; less dysphagia occurs in soil cicatricial stenosis on the former site of the ulcer in acute esophagitis, when esophageal diverticula, in case of compr

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216 

Disease of the stomach is called pale pallidum and is observed as in the secondary (lower secretory activity)and in the tertiary period (chronic syphilitic gastritis, gum stomach, syphilitic ulcers in the dissolved gum, scars and finally diffuse hummocky infiltrate (linitis pla

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398 

Infection, intoxication, intestinal stasis and poor diet. Disorders of secretion of digestive glands, change in bowel flora, increasing the virulence of microbes, hit in the gut with food pathogens, the presence in the gut irritating chemicals - all this leads to inflammation o

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657 

E t o l o g I. Specific infection (dysentery, typhoid, paratyphoid, tuberculosis, syphilis, actinomycosis); diseases, when known conditions previously malevolentia microbes become pathogenic; intoxication (ptomaine, chemical poisons), mechanical moments, leading to stasis. T

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528 

Acute colitis, insufficiently treated, long locks of a functional nature, or in connection with organic changes, impairing motor function of the gut, disorders of gastric secretion (astrogeny colitis), drug abuse (iron, arsenic and others), especially purgatives, stagnation in

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290 

Etiology. In addition to the moments that cause acute enterocolitis (see), known also play a role in the diseases of stomach, liver and pancreas, leading to secondary enterocolitis. The pathogenesis. Acute enterocolitis, poetry, often goes into sub-chronic and chronic form;

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189 

Etiology and pathogenesis is not clear. According to the most common and likely neurogenic theory, the value changes to Innervate the esophageal branches of the vagus nerve, resulting as a violation of the normal tone of the cardia-kardiospazm, and the disruption of all activit

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237 

The immediate cause worm disease is a parasitic infestation. Depending on the nature and characteristics of parasitic worms painful manifestations may be different. Famous role in this respect also plays a reactivity of an organism. Of the greatest importance to man are the fo

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242 

Etiology and pathogenesis clear enough; installed only the relationship of this disease with impaired arousal of the autonomic nervous system. The disease is attributed to allergic diseases of the intestine. As with all vegetative allergic States, the role of the cerebral corte

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160 

Tuberculosis of intestines is often a secondary disease. Is caused by tubercle Bacillus, which swallow sputum is embedded in the mucosa of the intestinal wall. Lower is the value of hematogenous dissemination of tuberculosis bacilli.

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215 

Etiology. Throwing into the esophagus acidic gastric juice in connection with the failure of the cardia, often on the basis of weakening the tone of the cardia in chronic aeropagite in alcoholics. The pathogenesis is similar to the pathogenesis of gastric ulcers.

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220 

Etiology. There are vomiting of Central origin in the result of direct stimulation of the vomiting center and the most frequent vomiting reflex nature, which arises due to the irritation of sensitive nerve endings in the stomach and other internal organs. Central origin vomitin

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196 

Etiology and pathogenesis. Bloody vomiting as a reflex act occurs as a result of disease of the stomach (ulcer, cancer) or changes in other organs, causing poor circulation in the walls of the stomach and esophagus (cirrhosis, thrombosis v. portae, v. lienalis), or, finally, as

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