359 

Etiology. Syphilis tuberculosis (the latter usually leads to lipidno-amyloid nephrosis), tumors, chronic infections, malaria and other infectious diseases, as well as etiological factors in common with chronic nephritis. The pathogenesis. Degenerative kidney and before all g

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195 

Anuria - cessation of urine separation. Causes of anuria different: severe organic disorders of the kidney, for example, thrombosis of the renal artery or occlusion of renal veins, severe inflammatory-necrotic lesions of the renal parenchyma during the most severe NECRODEATH, m

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173 

The etiology and pathogenesis are unclear. Fabric buds mostly replaced katowickie formations; usually affects both kidneys. Almost half of the cases at the same time there are cystic changes in other organs (mainly the liver).

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206 

Hematuria - the emergence of fresh and leached erythrocytes in the urine is a symptom of various diseases of the urinary organs (trauma, tumor, kidney stone disease, nephritis acute, diffuse and focal, chronic nephritis and other). Blood in the urine may also appear when the di

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215 

Obstruction of the outflow of urine (kinking of the ureter, congenital abnormalities, stones, tumors, inflammatory infiltrates, cicatricial narrowing), resulting in urine collects in the pelvis (pyelectasia). Further kidney tissue from pressure atrophy, is formed saccular tumor

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219 

The outcome of untreated acute nephritis. Less likely to develop without the acute phase of nephritis in the past. Chronic nephritis depends primarily on the presence in the body of infectious foci and emerging infections, adverse environmental conditions and inadequate treatme

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192 

Etiology. Infection. The pathogenesis. Metastasis in a variety of infections, especially sepsis.

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247 

The kidney stones occur in the pelvis, at least - in the parenchyma of the organ. The reason for their occurrence is considered violations of metabolism with excessive excretion of various products of metabolism, the urinary system infection, as well as the low content in the u

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368 

Etiology. Infectious diseases of the upper respiratory tract, usually caused by hemolytic Streptococcus: tonsillitis, pharyngitis independent and with scarlet fever, influenza, and other infections - pneumonia, typhoid, malaria, cooling of the body, usually in connection with i

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300 

In the hypertension in the arterioles of the kidneys appear infiltrative degenerative and hyperplastic processes. Known is the role of frequent fluctuations in vascular tone due to the neuro-mental stress, endocrine shifts. Cm. Diseases of the organs of blood circulation, Arter

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331 

Acute pyelitis arises from the number bacilli and other infections of the pelvis, in General infection, after cooling, colitis, pregnancy; chronic - as a result of kidney stones, tuberculosis, kidney, stasis of urine. C. coli enters the kidney or through the blood (as a result

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153 

The hemoglobinuria - excretion of free hemoglobin in the pathological processes that Deplete erythrocytes (blood transfusion, poisoning, hemolytic poisons, malaria and other conditions - see blood Disease). Urine from slightly pink to intense black. In the sediment urine glybki

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207 

Etiology. Intoxication, especially sublimate, rarely other drugs; infection diphtheria, sepsis, typhoid fever; transfusion of incompatible blood. The pathogenesis. The process boils down to necrosis of the tubular epithelium with characteristic deposition of lime salts.

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273 

Uremia is caused by the poisoning of the body and primarily the Central nervous system are not allocated by the kidney products metamorphosis, the disintegration of tissue protein secondary liver. The clinical picture is dominated by symptoms of gastro-intestinal tract and the

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355 

The offset of the kidney is usually combined with the omission of other internal organs. Is weight loss, weakening of abdominal pregnancy. Women suffer more often than men. In the development of diseases, and especially in the origin of certain symptoms of primary importance is

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