DISEASES OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM

The full list of diseases of the nervous system, as well as their difference

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Pain in the Achilles tendon, flowing as neuralgia; when standing and walking increases. Occurs as a result of processes in the tendon and its bag (bursitis) infections: rheumatism, syphilis, the gonorrhea.  

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191 

Etiology. Nervous irritability, a pathological condition vasomotor function, which is often combined with hysterical reactions and often occurs in menopause; various endocrine-vegetative suffering. The disease can occur in individuals, the limbs of which are subjected to diffe

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178 

Agnosia is expressed in the inability tactile, acoustic and optical character recognition items. Agnosia occurs when different processes (syphilis, tumors, abscesses, vascular disease, traumatic brain injury, arachnoiditis), located at the bottom left parietal and temporal lobe

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Cm. APHASIA

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The disease starts to progress with a small memory loss that makes it difficult to have a conversation with others and respond appropriately to the situation around. Affects memory zone of the patient which are responsible for memory and speech apparatus. The disease seriously

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178 

Cm. AMYOTROPHIC LATERAL SCLEROSIS

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189 

Etiology. Infectious disease (Margulis). It is assumed that the causative agent belongs to the group of filterable viruses. Allow the poisoning.  

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Etiology. Usually occurs at vagotonia, people with low thyroid function.

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Aphasia is a disorder of speech if the damage is higher speech centres in the cortex of the left hemisphere of the brain ("cortical centers").

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Aphonia is a speech disorder that occurs predominantly in mental turmoil, causing hysterical reaction. Patients suddenly stop talking Mutism (see) or speak very quietly; they are voiceless. Other sounds they may appear normal (e.g., cough). An objective study of the vocal cords

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197 

Apraxia is a motor defect characterized by the inability to correctly produce the usual simple or more complex actions. There are two forms of apraxia: 1. Ideomotor or ideokinetic, apraxia occurs in pathological lesions in the left parietal lobe(e.g., tumors, abscesses, a

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Watch here <<<, Watch here <<<.

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Ataxia musculoskeletal disorder, expressed in nesorazmernost movements of individual limbs (for example, pomahivaya when trying to access the index finger to the tip of the nose) or more complex motor acts, such as walking. Ataxia caused by a lesion of the frontal-cerebellopon

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191 

Atetoz - violent movement, localized in the distal parts of the arms and legs. From choreiform violent movement (see Chorea) is characterized by a slower pace with hyperextension of the fingers or toes in the final phase of hyperkinesis. Observed in encephalitis and children's

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154 

WATCH VASCULAR LESIONS.

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151 

Epilepsy (see)

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Syndrome Littl. Etiology. The disease usually develops after trauma or infection.

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150 

VASCULAR LESIONS (see).

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241 

The most frequent brain tumors: astrocytomas, slowly growing tumor, often forming cysts; multiform glioblastoma is a malignant tumor; Protocol - malignant tumor, often found in children; malignant neuroepithelioma; pituitary adenomas; meningiomas, a slow - gr

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152 

The BULBAR PARALYSIS (see).

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196 

Etiology. Develops due to progressive degenerative atrophy of the motor nuclei of the cranial nerves of the medulla oblongata. As an independent disease is extremely rare. Is usually appended to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and syringomyelia when they are localized in the bul

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179 

Causalgia - pain syndrome that occurs when a traumatic and, rarely, inflammatory infectious lesions of the peripheral nervous system. To nerves in which causalgia occurs most often include the median and sciatic, tibial branch of the sciatic nerve. If the cause is trauma, they

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Chorea may occur as an independent disease as a symptom of other organic diseases (encephalitis, tumor, vascular lesion). Chorea in children is a form of rheumatism. Sometimes chorea occurs in pregnant women (choreagravidarum). In the pathogenesis of acute horei can play the ro

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188 

Coma is a deep state of unconsciousness with no reaction to external and internal stimuli. The reason comatose States can be a variety of diseases: diabetes, uremia, eclampsia, stroke, various kinds of poisoning, epilepsy, infectious diseases such as mala

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155 

Traumatic brain injury (see), injury to the peripheral nerves (see).

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195 

Involuntary reduction in the individual or whole groups of muscles. Clonic called intermittent seizures tonic - long seizures. In some diseases (epilepsy) are observed both types of seizures. Etiology. Cramps can occur due to the impact on the motor cells and the way the vari

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196 

PARASITES OF THE BRAIN. CYSTICERCOSIS (see), PARASITES of BRAIN hydatid cyst (see).

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201 

Dizziness is a symptom of many diseases, among which the first place is magerovsky syndrome, labyrinthitis and other diseases of the inner ear, encephalitis, cerebral circulation, in particular, hypertension, concussion and contusion of the brain, multiple sclerosis, syphilis,

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337 

Dropsy of the brain can be congenital, due to abnormal development of the fetus, illness of parents (syphilis, tuberculosis, alcoholism, trauma during pregnancy) and fetal diseases of the fetus. Especially often hydrocephalus occurs as a consequence of infection of the meninges

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Dysarthria is a speech disorder, dependent on disorders of motor function of the vocal apparatus. It occurs as a symptom in different organic diseases of the nervous system: pyramid (pseudobulbar) and bulbar paralysis, multiple sclerosis, syphilis of the brain.  

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214 

VASCULAR LESIONS (see).

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Etiology. An acute infectious disease of the brain. Most nagnagnag encephalitis caused by viruses, secondary encephalitis observed in common infectious diseases. Viral encephalitis occurs in epidemics (lethargic encephalitis , Economo, spring-summer encephalitis) and sporadic c

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INFECTIOUS DISEASE (see).

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Epilepsy causes: birth injuries, head injury neuroinfection (syphilis, various forms of meningitis and encephalitis), intoxication, in particular, alcohol, endocrine-vegetative disorders, the tumor. In some cases, epilepsy can be inherited condition. The mech

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148 

PAIN (see).

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Hiccup is an involuntary clonic spasms of the diaphragm, during which the patient, there are involuntary dyhatelnye movement. Etiology. Sometimes when some organic lesions of the nervous system, for example, encephalitis (see), meningitis (see), peritonitis, ileus, failure of

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204 

Intracranial pressure from 100 to 150 mm of water column is increased to 250 to 300 mm and above. This will disturb the normal relationship between the circulation of the brain, in particular, venous, and liquorrhea. Etiology. Causes of increased intracranial pressure are tr

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226 

Injury of peripheral nerves are accompanied by sensory and motor disorders.  

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NEURASTHENIA (see).

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SCIATICA LUMBOSACRAL (see).

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SCIATICA LUMBOSACRAL (see).

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156 

The disease is characterized by fatigue of the muscles, which entails its particelle state. The etiology of the disease is uncertain.

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NEURALGIA INTERCOSTAL NERVES (see).

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Meningitis - damage to the membranes of the brain and spinal cord caused by various bacterial and viral infections. Meningitis is characterized by high fever, headache, vomiting, contractures. They are frequently joined by focal symptoms: the defeat of the cranial nerves,

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177 

PAIN (see).

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