DISEASES OF THE SKIN

In the section of skin disease got all the diseases of the skin. However, there is a description of each skin disease, symptoms, and treatment of diseases of the skin.

194 

Etiology and pathogenesis are unknown. The disease belongs to the benign tumors of the skin. Histologically detected focal overgrowth of fibrous connective tissue and fibroblasts.

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263 

Causes of acne medications and acne professional. Some individuals after administration of different compounds of bromine and iodine occur toxicoderma (see) in the form of formations resembling common acne (see). Some chemicals like tar, kerosene, fuel oil, oil, chlorine, and

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190 

Acne rosacea causes. Most often in the pathogenesis of this disease plays the role of disorders of the gastrointestinal tract (chronic constipation, decreased acidity of gastric juice, gastric atony, liver disease), diseases of cardiovascular system, endocrine system (dysmeno

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252 

Causes of acne vulgaris and acne youth. Acne occurs mainly in the period of puberty, which is characterized by enhanced function selenagomezvevo and follicular apparatus. The result is a blockage of the follicles due to the increased formation of horns in their mouths and sta

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194 

Whiteheads causes. Retention cyst arising from delay under the epidermis detachable sebaceous glands.

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262 

Pathogens - different types of radiant fungus (Actinomyces or Nocardia, A. bovis, A. asteroides, A. albus). Actinomycetes are found as saprophytes on plants, in soil, on the mucous membrane of the mouth; the lumpy sick animals also. In the pathogenesis of the disease in humans

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183 

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344 

Pathogen - fungus Epidermophyton inguinale. The disease is contagious. Infection most often through care items: washcloths, bedpans, oilcloth, linen, etc., Conducive to infection maceration of the stratum corneum. Most males.

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362 

Causes athlete's foot. Pathogen - fungus Epidermophyton Kaufmann-Wolf, rarely Epidermophyton inguinale; in recent years highlighted a fungus Epidermophyton rubrum, or Rubrophyton. Contributing factors: stop excessive sweating, trauma, wearing tight shoes, narrow interdigital

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294 

Inflammation of the glans of the penis and the inner foreskin. Pathogens - stafilo - and streptococci, infection the Plauen-Vincent (symbiosis fusiform gram-positive rods and gram-negative colonic spirochetes), yeast-like fungi of the genus Candida (Monilia). Play a role: long

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240 

Causes of alopecia baldness. Most recognized nejrotrofichesky theory of the origin of this disease. Syphilis, tuberculosis and other severe or long flowing infection and various kinds of intoxication may play a role in the pathogenesis of alopecia baldness, affecting the endo

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171 

Causes of blackheads or acne spot. Comedones causes. Blockage of the mouth of the follicle dust particles. In the pathogenesis of the disease plays a role of decreased vitality of the walls of the sebaceous glands increased their activities in the period of puberty.

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230 

Distinguish between superficial blastomycosis of the skin (blastomycosis cutis superficialis) caused by yeast fungi of the genus Candida (Monilia), and deep blastomycosis of the skin (blastomycosis cutis profunda) pathogens that are yeast cryptococcus (torula histolytica, sacch

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233 

Etiology and pathogenesis are unknown. Dermatosis Bowen refers to a group of precancerous dermatoses. It occurs in both sexes, both in young and in old age.

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219 

A form of chronic pyoderma (see). The causative agent is Staphylococcus; in pathogenesis, may play the role of trauma. Sometimes brimicombe occurs at the site of the former suppurative process.

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235 

The etiology is unknown. Congenital dystrophy of the skin.

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385 

Cheilitis causes. Under this name combined several clinical forms of lesion of the vermilion border with different etiology and pathogenesis. Distinguish between the following basic forms of cheilitis: Exfoliative cheilitis (cheilitis exfoliativa). Etiology and pathogen

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532 

Long-term repeated exposure to low temperature, especially in high humidity conditions (for example, in a wet basement). Causes of chilblains can be neirotroficheskie, vascular disorders, low nutrition, anemia, hypovitaminosis.

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185 

Chloasma causes. Primary limited acquired hyperpigmentation of the skin. The most commonly occurs in women during pregnancy or in connection with diseases of the uterus and its appendages; common in anemic, malnourished individuals; occurs under the influence of mechanical ir

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254 

Etiology the pathogenesis is unknown. The disease belongs to the group of diffuse idiopathic atrophy of the skin. Often there is a role for a long period of abrupt cooling. Evidently connected with disorders of the endocrine and autonomic nervous system. Sick almost exclusively

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202 

Deep blastomycosis of the skin. There are two forms: American type (pathogen - blastomyces dermatitidis). Skin large infiltrated and ulcerated areas of red, covered with serous-purulent discharge, with resistant center and papillomatous razresheniya on the periphery. Ulcer

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287 

Etiology and pathogenesis are unknown. Probably of viral origin of the disease. More common in men; often begins in childhood.

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170 


584 

Causes of ringworm. Distinguish: trichophytosis surface (trichophytia superficialis) caused by fungi are parasites of the human skin is purple and crateromys Trichophyton (trichophyton violaceum and trichophyton crateriforme); the deep dermatophytosis (trichophytia p

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214 


263 

Causes of diaper rash. Superficial inflammatory process of skin folds caused by Streptococcus or drojjepodobne fungi of the genus Candida (Monilia). In the pathogenesis may play a role excessive sweating, trauma (friction), predisposing anatomic factors (excessive space betwe

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225 

Pustular and ulcerative form of pyoderma (see). Pathogen - Streptococcus. Observed mostly in individuals with low reactivity caused by various disorders of the nervous system: low voltage, low power, TB patients, alcoholics, after severe General diseases and acute infections. P

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330 

Eczema causes. Surface diffuse inflammatory process of the skin (epidermolytic), developing as a result of the gradual increase of sensitivity (sensitization) to numerous, the variety of stimuli (allergens - sensitizers), both exogenous and endogenous nature. The state of sen

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198 

Is a variation of microbial eczema and develops into the circle-healing wounds, ulcers or fistulas with purulent discharge. Development colornews eczema contributes to improper care or improper treatment of the wound (ulcer), contamination of wounds, various kinds of chemical i

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349 

The reasons for seborroica eczema. Etiological role of microbes is considered to be the most proven, but their nature is not installed. Have the value of a variety of endogenous factors of the order, most often gastrointestinal diseases, metabolic disorders.  

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318 

Causes of epithelioma or skin cancer. The etiology of pathogenes unknown. Predisposing factors long considered the stimulatory effect of various chemical (carcinogenic), physical, light factors, various inflammatory processes. Is usually observed at the age of 40 years, and o

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397 

Eritrazma reasons. Pathogen - fungus Microsporon minutissimum of the genus actinomyces, parasitizes only in the stratum corneum of the epidermis. The disease is a little contagious. Predisposing point is excessive sweating.

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677 

The disease is caused by yeast-like fungi of the genus Candida (Monilia). Among predisposing factors: frequent maceration of the skin (Housewives, laundresses), trauma, working with fruits and vegetables, as well as their derivatives, represent a fertile ground for the developm

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262 

Skin infection the causative agent of swine erysipelas (erysipelas cattle, sheep) bacillus erysipelatis suis, erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae. Infection most often of a professional nature: in case of contact with dead animals, the processing of carcasses in the abattoir, as well

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273 

Erythema multiforme causes. Acute infectious and non-communicable disease. The pathogen is unknown. Observed more frequently in spring and autumn. In some cases, rash type of erythema multiforme can be, apparently, a symptom of any chronic infection (or intoxication), for exa

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198 

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192 

Erythema nodosum causes. The etiology is unknown and probably diverse. In some cases, pathogen - Streptococcus, in others it is highly probable connection with tuberculosis, rheumatism. Rash type of erythema nodosum may also occur after taking certain medications, for example

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177 

Patchy hyperpigmentation of the skin that occurs mainly under the influence of solar (UV) rays; when this occurs the deposition of pigment (melanin) in the lowest layer of epithelial cells.

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579 

Furuncle or a boil causes. Acute purulent-necrotic process in the follicle and surrounding tissue. Pathogen - aureus.

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200 

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215 

The disease is caused by the larva of the Gad-fly, Gastrophilus. The larva prosurvival move in the epidermis in the form of a tunnel.

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214 

The causes of hair loss are varied: it may be the result of dysfunction of the endocrine glands - thyroid, testes; is often observed after serious infectious diseases, especially those occurring at high temperatures. Have meaning nervous shocks. The most common cause of hair lo

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147 

Disruption of the endocrine glands (adrenal hyperfunction, hypofunction of the ovaries), which in turn may be a result of a breach of the regulatory functions of the cerebral cortex. In some cases, can play the role of prolonged local irritation (trauma, shaving, inflammatory p

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196 

The etiology and pathogenesis are diverse. Doubtless the leading role of the nervous system. Among the stimuli (allergens) should be distinguished: external factors, such as insect bites, nettle leaves and other plants, climatic factors (cold, wind), light; food allergens: stra

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230 

Purulent inflammation of the sweat (apocrine) glands - one of the forms of pyoderma (see). Pathogen - aureus. Play the role of various exogenous (trauma, shaving, scratching, for example, scabies, immorality), as well as excessive sweating, a General decline of immunity.

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165 

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149 

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187 

Congenital abnormality of keratinization of the skin - excessive formation of horns. Play the role of endocrine disorders may a congenital abnormality of the metabolism of vitamin A. Start soon after birth, or on the second or third year of life, sometimes later.

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255 

The etiology and pathogenesis are very diverse and may not always be clear, but the leading factor is the violation of the nervous system, especially, apparently, its highest division of the cerebral cortex - as a result of exposure to various irritants in the external environm

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202 

In some cases congenital disease; probable role play in the pathogenesis of endocrine disorders (thyroid, pituitary), as well as the metabolism of vitamin A.

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