407 

Etiology. The disease is caused by Entamoeba histolytica. First discovered in 1875 F. A. the Goblin in the faeces of the patient in a therapeutic clinic of the Military medical Academy. Epidemiology. Epidemic disease affecting mainly in southern latitudes. The main reservoir

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271 

Etiology. Pathogen - anthrax coli; gram, forms spores. Epidemiology. The sporulation creates the possibility of long-term preservation of the anthrax Bacillus outside the animal body, mainly in the soil. Disposal of the dead died of anthrax in animals lack the depth and wit

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195 

Etiology. The causative agent of food poisoning - Clostridium botulinum. Described 5 types of sticks: a, b, C, D and E. type a are more commonly found in America, type In Europe. Types C, D and E are relatively rare. The toxin is produced during germination of spores in anaerob

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321 

Etiology. The term "brucellosis" currently combined disease of animals and humans, the pathogen is a bacterial group Brucella: Br. melitensis, VG. abortus bovis and Br. abortus suis. Epidemiology. Brucellosis belongs to the group of zoonoses; it is widely distributed outside

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312 

The etiology is uncertain. The virus seems to be similar to the virus disease of pappataci. Passes through the filters. Circulates blood throughout the disease. Observed in the tropics and subtropical areas. Epidemiology. Vectors are mosquitoes Aedes Aegypti. Periodically d

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302 

Etiology. Pathogen - wand Klebs-Loeffler. Culture on tellurium environments and biochemically distinguish the following types: 1) gravis, 2) mitis, 3) intermedius. Diphtheria bacilli secrete an exotoxin with a very wide range of action on the organs and tissues of the

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279 

The virus usually circulates between animals and blood-sucking vectors and infected people. Etiology. Pathogen - Philtruesize virus, outdoor Soviet virologists (L. A. Zilber, A. A. Smorodintsev and their employees). Pathogenic for monkeys and white mice. In laboratory condit

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274 

The virus usually circulates between animals and blood-sucking vectors and infected people. Etiology. Pathogen - filterable virus isolated from brain dead until the 4 - 5th day of illness; passerella on white mice pathogenic for monkeys. Epidemiology. Season diseases - Aug

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292 

Etiology. The causative agent is Streptococcus, in rare cases aureus. Epidemiology. The main factor is not erysipelatous the patient, and the pollution of the external environment that supports it the concentration of pathogenic streptococci. Predisposing are some professio

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311 

Etiology. The pathogen is a gram-positive Bacillus. Epidemiology. The disease belongs to the group of zoonoses and peculiar to the pigs, which can give a fatal septicemia. Exciter long is stored in the muscles and organs of dead or slaughtered animals. Infection of pigs occ

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279 

Etiology. The pathogen was not detected. Epidemiology. While undoubtedly an infectious disease susceptibility thereto is relatively small, apparently insignificant coverage of children's groups in the penetration of their infection. The most susceptible age 6 - 12 years. Ad

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208 

Etiology. The causative agent is not known. Epidemiology. Sporadic disease that is not transmitted even closely contacting family members. Target age is mainly up to 2 years. The pathogenesis is not known.

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248 

Etiology. The causative agent is a special kind of Rickettsia - R. quintana (wolhynica). Epidemiology. The disease has spread in the trenches during the first world war trench-fever - Volyn fever). Carriers are lice, which are the infective ability after 2 to 3 days after su

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226 

Etiology. The causative agent belongs to the group of filterable viruses with a pronounced dermo and epitheliotropic. Epidemiology. Foot and mouth disease belongs to the group of zoonoses. Patients artiodactyl animals excrete the virus content of bubbles, saliva and milk. Mil

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265 

Etiology. Disease is a series of anaerobic, spore-forming toxin microbes. Foremost among them: You. periringens, You. oedematiens, Vibrion sep ti que, You. histolyticus. These microbes cause disease each independently or in symbiosis with each other, often in combination with p

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252 

It is an endemic infectious disease, first discovered in 1934, Soviet doctors in the far East in the area of Blagoveshchensk on the Amur river, flowing in acute febrile reactions and extensive destructive changes in the capillaries and small blood vessels, and also when express

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257 

A natural focal diseases of viral etiology, occurring when pronounced temperature reactions, General critical phenomena and universal capillarity. Some of them, the most studied special expeditions assigned names corresponding to the location of their discovery, Crimean and Oms

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292 

Etiology. Pathogen - filterable virus; close to the virus of swine influenza; has serological types a and B. Epidemiology. The virus is dissipated only one, and flu-like sick may be bedridden, but can carry flu and feet in the form of light ailments (erased). Transmission o

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615 

Etiology. S. P. Botkin, contrary to the doctrine Virchow of a purely mechanical nature jaundice, first expressed strong confidence in her infectious etiology. Currently, proven etiologic role filterable virus. Epidemiology. Epidemic outbreaks in peacetime occur mainly in chi

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251 

Etiology. The originator is the simplest flagellates. In tissues of patients - parasites oval in shape, are intracellular; in cultures acquire flagellate form. Opened in cutaneous leishmaniasis (bendinskas plague P. F., Borovsky (1898), later named Leishmania tropica (1903). C.

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276 

Etiology. The causative agent of malaria - malaria Plasmodium has a complex cycle of reproduction, disintegrating sexual (sporogony)flowing in mosquitoes of the genus Anopheles, and asexual (schizogony)occurring in man. Types of parasites: 1) Plasmodium vivax - pathogen mala

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264 

Etiology. The causative agent of measles belongs to the group of filterable viruses. Epidemiology. The reservoir of the virus are extremely sick, which is especially contagious in kataralnom period and the last day of incubation. Using a wide seroprevelance acquired epidemio

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287 

Etiology. The causative agent belongs to the group of filterable viruses. Epidemiology. The disease affects mainly children, but described a series of epidemics among adults. Epidemic outbreaks are limited. The increase of the disease in the cold season (January - March) due

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193 

Etiology. The most frequently represented group salmonell (see Partyphone disease), less - Century botulinus (see Botulism), Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus Proteus, C. coli and paracoli, in rare cases - Century dysenteriae Kruse-Sonne. Epidemiology. Unlike artifoni of disea

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265 

Etiology. The causative agent belongs to the group of filterable viruses. Circulates in the blood during the first days of the disease. Epidemiology. The disease is spread only in the area of availability of phlebotomus. Vector mosquito Phlebotomus pappatasii that becomes in

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268 

Etiology. Pathogens - a large group of microbes Salmonella. The generally accepted classification Kaufman, based on the analysis of the antigenic structure of individual representatives difoperational group. The most important representatives of salmonell playing a role in the

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215 

Etiology. Pathogen - short rod with rounded edges, bipolar stainable, motionless, not forming spores. Pathogenic not only for humans but also for a number of animals, among which the most important significance of rodents. Epidemiology. Plague is a zoonoses, as epizooty amo

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295 

Etiology. Pathogen Century tularensae - short rod with rounded edges (coccobacilli), characterized by polymorphism and bipolar okrashivaemoy, morphologically similar to the plague Bacillus. When the crops from the bodies of rodents gives slow growth on special nutrient media wi

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232 

Etiology and epidemiology. The pathogen belongs to neurotrophic group filterable viruses. Located intracellular and the cytoplasm of the ganglion cells, the virus causes the cell reaction, deposited around it products degeneration of the nucleus, known under the name Taurus Ne

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239 

Etiology. The causative agents of various forms of recurrent typhus are different spirochaete similar to each other morphologically, but different immunobiological properties and its true owners - vectors. According to morphological structure (presence undulosa membrane) agents

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221 

Etiology. Vozbuditel not known; probably close to measles virus; highly volatile and very unstable. Epidemiology. Disease pertains only to the people, mainly children from 4 to 10 years. Transmission - droplets in direct contact with the patient. The greatest gain popularity

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298 

Etiology. The causative agent is not known, but on the basis of epidemiological, immunological and clinical data differs from that of the causative agent of scarlet fever. For volatility and instability close to the virus corevideo rubella. Epidemiology is the same as when co

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266 

Etiology. The causative agent of glanders - thin, motionless gram-negative Bacillus. Epidemiology. SAP causes epizootic among horses. People are less susceptible to Sapa. Get it mostly persons who have regular contact with horses: veterinary staff, grooms, cavalrymen, the st

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386 

Etiology. The causative agent of scarlet fever is hemolytic streptococci that produce exotoxin composed of two main fractions: thermolabile (the toxin) and thermostable (allergen). Hemolytic streptococci are divided into seven groups, of which group a pathogenic for humans; thi

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380 

Etiology. A variety of diseases can give the transition in sepsis, as well as primary sepsis can be caused by a variety of microorganisms. The microorganism imposes a known specific features on the disease, but the course and outcome of the disease depends not so much on the mi

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280 

Etiological point of serum sickness (anaphylactic reactions) is parenteral introduction of a foreign protein, often horse serum. Primary the introduction of a foreign protein usually does not cause any reaction either in humans or in experimental animals, but they become hypers

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239 

Etiology. The disease is caused by spirillum minus (1915). Pathogenic for humans, some monkeys, Guinea pigs, rats and mice. Epidemiology. The spirochete found in humans, identical to the spirochete rats Carter (1881). Wild rats, spontaneously diabetic spirillum (1-3% infect

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247 

Etiologii and epidemiology. Agents angina is very diverse. The bowl only: streptococci, diplococci, fusiform Bacillus (B. fusiformis) and spirochaetes, diphtheria Bacillus, the Bacillus of Pfeiffer, Staphylococcus. Disease angina may develop as a result of infection (residentia

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262 

Etiology. The pathogen is Bacillus of tetanus. Its main features: the sporulation, anaerobic growth, toxicobrain. Epidemiology is closely associated with the epidemic of injuries (war). Guardians of the vegetative forms of tetanus Bacillus (reservoirs of the virus) are human

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259 

Etiology. The pathogen is Vibrio cholerae, which is a wand, curved in two planes. Of Vibrio cholerae exotoxin does not form, with the disintegration of microbial bodies released endotoxin. Epidemiology. Despite a huge role in the epidemiology of the water factor, the true r

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368 

Etiology. Agents dysentery - a large group of gram still sticks. Practically, it is important to distinguish between the following types: 1) scribe Grigoreva-Shiga - the most pathogenic and toxicoproteomic exciter; 2) group the Flexner - gissa, including several serologica

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217 

Etiology. Pathogen - filterable virus that has dermotropic and some neurotropism (grouping rash along the intercostal nerves). Epidemiology. The virus is unstable and at the same time of great volatility. The patient is contagious, apparently, from the last days of incubatio

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301 

Etiology. Pathogen - small polymorphic gram-negative diplococci - Diplococcus intraceilularis s. Meningococcus Of Weichselbaum (1887). Close morphological and biological properties to the gonococcus. Serologically divided into four types: a, b, C, D; the most common types a and

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278 

Etiology. The causative agent of smallpox is a filterable virus (bullock Paschen). The smallpox virus is a very persistent; he tolerates drying, but sensitive to sunlight and some paints (neutralist). Having pronounced dermotropic, it can be transferred artificially in neurotro

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296 

Etiology. Pathogen - bruchnotifozna wand Ebert. Epidemiology. Man is the only source of infection (the virus reservoir). Sick with typhoid fever begins abundantly to isolate the pathogen from the excrement from the end of the first or beginning of the second week of illness.

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302 

Included in the group of rickettsioses diseases that are common in different parts of the world, transmitted by blood-sucking parasites and flowing pronounced temperature reaction and the formation of specific changes in small blood vessels. Etiology. There are the following

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257 

Etiology. Pathogen - lep tospira icterohaemorrhagiae Inada (1915). Epidemiology. Living reservoir of the virus are rats troop of leptospires in the urine. Likewise excrete leptospires and sick people from the 2nd week of illness. Infected urine of rats reservoirs and soil w

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344 

The zika virus is a new virus, borne by mosquitoes of the genus Aedes, he (zika virus) was first identified in Uganda in 1947 in macaques due to the monitoring of yellow fever. Several years later, in 1952, the virus was identified in humans in Uganda and Tanzania. Outbreaks of

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221 

Etiology. The disease is caused by Leptospira grippo-typliosa (Tarasov, 1928). Leptospira febrilis aquatilis (Terek, 1929). Epidemiology. Diseases are observed only in endemic foci. The pathogen remains for a long time in the water flooded reservoirs, wetlands, river banks.

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256 

Etiology. Pathogen - stick Board and Zhang. Epidemiology. Like measles, whooping cough is very dangerous for young children. Susceptibility to pertussis is high; frequent diseases among adults, in whom the disease is easier and recognized more difficult. The instability of

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