EYE DISEASES

Diseases of the eye. Medical book will tell You about all kinds of eye diseases as well as methods of treatment of the eye.

269 

Etiology. Long-acting irritation (dust, smoke, corrosive fumes), abnormal metabolism (especially gout), gastrointestinal diseases, chronic lesions of the nose and tear duct, anomalies of refraction.

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173 

Etiology. The eye injury foreign bodiesstriking the eye with a force sufficient to break through the wall, but insufficient to produce a double perforation.

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239 

Etiology. Specific hypersensitivity of the body, due to tubercle bacilli. The pathogenesis. Hyperergic state of the external membranes of the eye on the soil of tuberculous intoxication. The first manifestations of diseases of the eye often occur in children with tuberculous

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176 

Etiology. Multiple, repeated trauma to the eye with fine sand and metal dust when working at sanding, turning and grinding machines in poorly organized safety. The pathogenesis. Re desquamation of corneal epithelium with destruction at the layer directly under it sensitive

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209 

Etiology. The primary tumor is benign in nature. Often angiomas are congenital.

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252 

Etiology. Perforating wounds of the eye, surgery. Purulent processes in the body (puerperal sepsis, surgical sepsis). The pathogenesis. Exogenous or endogenous skid vysokovalentnyh pathogens (streptococci, pneumococci) in the choroid or the retina or into the vitreous body.

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191 

Surgical removal of the lens, the resorption of the lens after violating the integrity of his bags, as well as the effects of the traumatic displacement of the lens from the area of the pupil.

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216 

Etiology. Uncorrected visual glasses hyperopia high and medium degrees. The pathogenesis. Physiological age-related decrease in power of accommodation leads to an inability to compensate for existing the ametropia accommodation. When systematically for locking spent more tha

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318 

Etiology. Dissociation between accommodation and convergence in myopia of medium degree (especially in the range of 3.0 - 6.0 D). The pathogenesis. Work at close range, corresponding to approximately a further point of clear vision of the myopic eye, is made by him without t

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185 

An abnormality of the structure of the cornea of the eye; sometimes develops after operations, after injuries of the eye. A special type of astigmatism when subluxation of the lens (see Dislocation and subluxation of the lens).

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201 

Gap small conjunctival blood vessels due to venous congestion in the head, e.g., cough (pertussis), vomiting, straining (constipation, lifting of heavy objects) or compression of the thorax (the ingress buffers between the cars, under car wheels). Sometimes develops spontaneous

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192 

Etiology. Influenza, malaria, articular rheumatism, focal infection. The pathogenesis. Inflammation of tenon's allergic handbags (serous capsulitis true to type) or metastatic (purulent capsulitis true to type).

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161 

Congenital anomaly, probably caused by disorders of tsorona of the lens vesicle from the ectoderm.

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262 

Etiology. Prolonged exposure to radiant energy, rich in infrared rays. In the old days the disease was observed in workers in smelters and blast furnaces, and particularly in glass-blowers (hence the name). The pathogenesis. Change the lens fibers under the influence of exce

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241 

Etiology. Clouding of the bags remaining in the eye after incomplete cure of cataract. The pathogenesis. Opacification develops due to fouling of the rear bags epithelium, passing here from the front of the bag. Between the bags linger remnants of lenticular masses, which b

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229 

Development disorder of the crystalline lens, caused by dysfunction of the parathyroid glands.

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419 

The etiology and pathogenesis is not known. Play the role of the processes of senile involution of the organism and related endocrine disorders, and oxygen starvation of the lens, may be worthwhile in the absence or deficiency of ascorbic acid (vitamin C), and Riboflavin (vitam

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207 

Etiology. A metabolic (diabetes), azotemia and intoxication. The pathogenesis. The malnutrition of the lens due to the appearance of toxic metabolic products or toxins in the blood and intraocular fluids, which leads to swelling and clouding of the lens fibers.

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232 

The violation of the integrity of the lens bag with injuries of the eye, usually perforated.

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202 

Etiology. Hypersensitivity of the body to certain allergens, mostly of plant origin. The pathogenesis. Acute inflammation and swelling of the conjunctiva (usually and also the mucous membranes of the nose and upper respiratory tract) caused by ingestion of the allergen (most

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258 

Nuclear palsy, isolated or in Association with paralysis of the sphincter, most often occurs in different diseases of the Central nervous system, especially in tabes dorsalis, and after infectious diseases (influenza, encephalitis). Bilateral isolated ccomodation paralysis afte

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331 

Etiology. The introduction of infection in the subcutaneous tissue of the eyelids and orbit. The pathogenesis. The spread of purulent process, most of the accessory sinuses of the nose, then eyes or face (furuncle, erysipelas, barley). Sometimes metastasis when General sepsi

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176 

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253 

Etiology. Treponema pallidum. The pathogenesis. Skid syphilitic infection on the mucous membrane of the eyelid margin.

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203 

Etiology. TB infection. The pathogenesis. Skid of tubercle bacilli into the vascular membrane of the eye. Further spread due to the new drift or dispersion of bacilli from the first outbreak.

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271 

Dysphonia front of the slit of the secondary bubble eye due to the delay in the reverse development of the mesoderm, performing gap.

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279 

The etiology and pathogenesis are the same as in coloboma of the iris; not only merges back cut slits.

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153 

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282 

Almost always congenital anomaly. In rare, mostly atypical cases, occurs when makulit inflammatory or degenerative in nature.

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148 

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195 

Etiology. Increased intracranial pressure most often in tumors of the brain, then in dropsy of the brain, with serous meningitis, the deformations of the skull (skull tower). Compression of blood vessels and the optic nerve in the orbit gives a one-sided congestive nipple. T

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230 

Etiology. Disease of the mucous membranes of the nose and inflammation of the conjunctiva. The pathogenesis. Narrowing lesnevskogo channel, leading to a delay in tear the bag tears and bacteria. Direct transition of an inflammation of the conjunctiva the mucous membrane of t

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218 

Etiology. Congenital anomaly of the eye, due, apparently, irritating effects on the fetus. The pathogenesis. The presence of amniotic constrictions that lead to the development of cracks in the beginnings of century and to the formation of epibulbar dermoids.

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258 

Etiology. Degeneration of the retina and the vitreous body on the grounds of high myopia, senile changes, injuries. The pathogenesis. Gap degenerated retina due to tension hems formed in the vitreous body; the subsequent development of subretinal exudate and penetration thro

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291 

Congenital anomaly, occurring predominantly in males.

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196 

Etiology. Infection by the Bacillus of diphtheria. Disease or transferred to the conjunctiva of the upper respiratory tract, or startles her primary. The pathogenesis. The introduction of microbes causes acute inflammation and very dense swelling, compressing the vessels to

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233 

Etiology. The trigeminal nerve is damaged, mostly inflammatory in nature (often on the grounds of malaria, flu, or focal infection). The pathogenesis. Dysesthesia and trophic cornea, leading to degeneration and breakdown of the corneal cells.

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196 

Etiology. Damage eyelids, burns them, ulcerative processes with necrotization tissues (erysipelas, anthrax, tuberculosis of the bones of the orbit), resistant ulcerative blepharitis. The pathogenesis. Cicatricial shrinkage after these processes pull the eyelid away from the

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226 

Etiology. Paralysis of the facial nerve or senile atrophy of the circular muscle of the century and sagging skin. The pathogenesis. Eversion of the lower eyelid, which due to the reasons mentioned at first only a few behind the eye; occurs tearing, maceration of the skin, wh

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220 

Etiology. Inflammatory diseases of the conjunctiva and cornea, mainly in children. The pathogenesis. A spasmodic contraction of the eyelids and consequent venous and lymphatic stagnation in connection with edema (chemosis) of the conjunctiva.

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247 

Etiology. Heart defects, endarteritis in the system of the Central artery. The pathogenesis. Spasm of the corresponding vascular stalk.

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208 

Etiology. Trachoma and other conjunctival processes leading to the development of scarring in the conjunctiva. The pathogenesis. Cicatricial shortening of the conjunctiva and scarring of the curvature of the cartilage, pulling together the edge of the century and deflecting i

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173 

Chronic inflammation of the conjunctiva (the conflict), causing irritation of the circular muscles, leading to her twitching, whereby the edge of the century can be rotated around its dlinnie towards the eye.

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191 

Etiology. Most often tuberculosis, rheumatism, syphilis, gout.  

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192 

Etiology. Superficial scratch of the cornea with a fingernail, claw birds or domestic animals, the sharp end of the sheet. The pathogenesis. The only damage of the epithelium. Relapses are obtained due to incomplete bonding of the regenerated epithelium with a basement.  

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874 

Weak degree of ectropion of any origin; old sagging of the lower eyelid.

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325 

Etiology. Eye acid or alkali. The pathogenesis. The tissue necrosis from a cauterizing action of acid or alkali and the subsequent rejection and scarring.

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278 

Etiology. Vagotonia and hypothyroidism; in some cases, hypersensitivity to certain allergens, women sometimes associated with the menstrual cycle. The pathogenesis. Violation of the vasomotor innervation of the century (as well as skin, mucous membrane of the larynx), leadin

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172 

Under normal refraction of the eye of the newborn later comes the stunted growth of the eyeball in children, the cause of which is not yet sufficiently clear. It is possible that here plays the role of the General condition of the child and endocrine disorders.

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332 

Etiology. Prolonged irritation of the conjunctiva exogenous (dust, smoke, malovirulentnoy microbes) and endogenous (the suffering of the nose, nasopharynx, metabolic disorders, anemia) agents. The pathogenesis. The manifestation of the action of all these agents is conducive

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