We are all extremely busy, always somewhere in a hurry. Because everyday concerns (to have time to work, to study, to provide his family with everything necessary) do not pay proper attention to their own health (eating hastily, not always rational, forget about physical education), and then get sick. Indifference to himself, physiological changes in the body, and not only become the reason of such negative phenomena as constipation. Why our intestines "refuses" to work well? How to protect yourself from constipation? How to help yourself when constipation became a nuisance life? Listen to the advice and act.

 WHAT CAUSES CONSTIPATION

Constipation (hardening, obstipation) is slow, difficult or systematically inadequate emptying of the bowel for 2-3 days and more. Reasons because of which constipation, a lot. Let's call key. For elderly people it is characteristic functional weakening of the bowel (deteriorates peristalsis, i.e. rhythmic contraction of the intestinal wall)that leads to atonic constipation (when there is weak or absent the urge to dump, but any delay may lasts 2-10 days). Due to spasms of smooth muscles of the intestine (from anxiety, Smoking, chronic occupational poisoning) may occur spastic constipation (when bowel movements are very dense, sometimes as if glued small balls, the process of defecation difficult and painful, even cracks may appear in the rear of passage).

There medicament constipation caused by human use of different drugs, such as sedation (diazepam, nitrazepam, fenazepam, chlorpromazine), etc. cause constipation may expanding the sigmoid colon (the most part of the colon), as well as the development of tumors in the gut. Liver disease (hepatitis), enterocolitis (inflammation of the thin and thick intestines), holetsistit (inflammation of the gallbladder), pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas) and other diseases can also cause constipation. Among the most common reasons: the reduction of physical activity, a sharp change in lifestyle and diet.

 CONSULTATION OF THE DOCTOR AND OWN CHOICE

To overcome constipation, you need to first learn about the problem that it has caused. To do this, you should consult gastroenterologist. He, if he deems it necessary, may appoint coprological analysis (the coprogram)to determine if food is digested and absorbed (if this problem occurs constipation), whether in the colon of the inflammatory process (which can also affect the performance of the intestine).

Also the expert can send on bacteriological examination of feces to discover what microbes (good or bad) live in the gut and what is their value. The thing is that in the gut healthy person lives 50-60% of the so-called bacteria-saprophytes (good bacteria), contributing to its normal condition and content. If the patient takes a broad-spectrum antibiotics (tetracyclines, macrolides), they destroy beneficial bacteria. Instead they are harmful bacteria and there is goiter (breach of natural microflora of intestines). Dysbacteriosis causes constipation.

If the cause of constipation is a growth or expansion of the small intestine, keeps only the quick intervention. If - enterocolitis, hepatitis, cholecystitis, etc. then you need to treat the underlying disease and additionally to improve the health of the intestines diet. If you need to take medicine to improve the intestines.

CAREFULLY GRIND FOOD

I want to offer you, dear readers, actionable advice, useful both for prophylaxis and for treatment of constipation. Let's start with one of important points: thoroughly crush food, then it is better digested. Because the digestive process begins with the mouth when we took off and began to chew a piece, for example, apples, bread. And it happens so. Teeth fray Apple or bread into small pieces that pass freely into the esophagus. The language of the food mixes with saliva, which as a lubricant facilitates swallowing. Through the esophagus prepared food enters the stomach, where it is processed acids and enzymes (enzymes are complex substances produced by cells and accelerates chemical processes in the body), they break down food into components that the body can assimilate. Then the food enters the small intestine, where there is a very active process of absorption (here nutrients into the blood, and out of reach cells). The remains of the digestive content goes into the large intestine, the main function of which is the absorption of water from food for absorption by the body. Food residues are in the form of feces through the rectum.

Even in ancient times said a mouthful of a piece of bread, make as much chewing movements, as you have teeth, it will not have constipation. If 32 times difficult to chew, do 16 or at least 10 chewing movements. This is true of any food.

The following advice: do not overeat. The extra food that did not use the body, going in the colon and cause constipation.

 IN SEVEN DINE AT NINE IN THE EVENING, EAT AN APPLE

People prone to constipation, should eat no later than seven o'clock in the evening (to the stomach and intestines had the opportunity to relax). Through 1.5-2 hours after dinner (approximately 21:00) need to eat 1-2 Apple (they contain cellulose, promoting normal bowel movements). Avoid constipation at night also good to drink the compote of dried plums, cherries, apples (they contain cellulose), juice of carrots (has a slight laxative effect), a glass of kefir or curdled milk (but fresh, then they act as a mild laxative and 2-3 day on the contrary, can cause constipation).

 IN THE MORNING STOMACH MASSAGE

Morning meet correctly. After waking up (for example, in 6-7 hours) free bladder (per night there was accumulated urine). Then lie down in the bed and make a massage of the abdomen. Press your fingers on my stomach, starting on the right side from the bottom (so if you soften the contents of the intestine and help accumulated waste to move on). Gradually work your way up, pomassazhirujte top plot and then go down already on the left side. During the massage necessarily think that you need to go to the toilet. This psychological aspect is also very important. So you send impulses of the Central nervous system to the colon, order it to activate peristalsis that after 1-5 minutes happened emptying.

 ...SIMPLE EXERCISE AND A GLASS OF WATER

After the massage, follow these simple but effective exercise. Lie on your stomach and lift straight legs and your upper body up, i.e. prohibites. You will immediately feel how tense the muscles of the abdomen (these movements help physiologically to "stretch" the intestines, to intensify its work and to prevent constipation). Well prohibites (but not sharply, and smoothly, taking into account the peculiarities of its General condition and age) and stay in this position for 10-20 seconds. Perform the exercise 10-20 times.

An hour before Breakfast, drink a glass of cool water. As for the best passage of feces through the intestines need liquid (and if its not enough, there constipation), you will replenish its reserves and help himself properly emptied.

IN THE DIET IS THE ADVANTAGE OF VEGETABLE FOOD

Proper diet normalizes the function of the intestine and helps prevent constipation. First, the diet should prevail plant foods (vegetables and fruits). They contain cellulose (substance from which the shell plant cells that helps the gut wall more rhythmic be reduced and more efficient to push the stool. Rich in fiber apples, beets, cabbage, carrots, pumpkins, oranges, lemons, etc. secondly, eat plenty of dairy foods (sour cream, kefir, sour milk, cheese). It is a remarkable ratio of phosphorus and calcium, necessary for organism as a whole (bones, tendons, muscles, nervous system) and has the ability to heal the gut and to resist constipation.

The diet should also be juices (carrot, pumpkin, beet, cabbage, oranges). They strengthen the immune system, because of vitamins, macro - and microelements, and supply the necessary intestinal fluid.

And remember mineral waters: Luzhanska, Morshin, Truskavets, Mirgorodskaya. They will improve the intestine, making it mineral substances, and also will promote a better passage of feces. But people prone to constipation, you should still use them. Soda contains carbon dioxide, neutralizes hydrochloric acid in the stomach and promote the development of constipation.

 WHAT IS NOT THERE

When constipation is not recommended to use tonics (strong tea, coffee, cocoa), various spices. Physiologically active substances that have (tannins and xantina) fasten the contents of the intestines.

Negatively operate and spirits of any strength (beer, wine, vodka), because they contain tannins, binders, "destroying" the inner wall of the intestine and provoking constipation.

From the menu, it is better to withdraw (due to the fact that impair intestinal motility) products from a flour, especially fresh and soft, pasta, semolina and rice cereals, eggs, hard-boiled.

CABBAGE - NATURAL ANTIOXIDANT

Eat regular cabbage (in the form of salad, stewed, in the first courses). It contains a sufficient amount of vitamins, a lot of fiber, is second only to milk the normal ratio of calcium and phosphorus. Fiber mildly annoyed receptors (sensitive nerve endings) of the colon that activates its peristalsis and prevents constipation. Also, very importantly, cabbage cellulose adsorbs absorbs toxic substances formed in the colon. So cabbage is also natural antioxidant.

Shredded raw cabbage can cause the phenomenon of flatulence (bloating due to the concentration of gas). Therefore, everyone should be adjusted to the reception (someone without any negative consequences will eat a whole plate of cabbage, and someone will be enough a few spoons). Sauerkraut is anti-inflammatory and analgesic agent.

 BEET IS THE FOUNT OF ALL VITAMINS

Without a doubt, in any form should have our beets (cooked in the soup, drink as juice). Recent scientific studies have proven that beet - a storehouse of all the necessary vitamins and bimetallic (iron, copper, calcium, sodium, and so on). In addition, it contains natural dyes, which are powerful antioxidants (counteract the formation of peroxide compounds that destroy our cells). Beets are rich in fiber and is one of the most effective means of improvement of the intestine for constipation. Boiled beets contributes to a more vigorous and rhythmic reduction not only of the intestines and bile ducts, as well as keeping the right tone of blood vessels.

PLANTS VS CONSTIPATION

To get rid of constipation help medicinal plants. The most common use of goster laxative, buckthorn, rhubarb garden. These plants contain antraglikozida (this physiologically active substances of plants, which are absorbed in the stomach and the small intestine into the blood and sweat in the large intestines, irritating the mucous membrane, facilitate emptying and eliminate constipation). For the most part these plants act as a laxative. They are very effective, but have one major drawback: 2-3 weeks, or a month, their therapeutic effect is weakened (the person using them, do not develop dependence, these plants simply become ineffective). So you can take 1-2 weeks, or at most a month, and then move on to other plants.

In atonic and spastic constipations prepare an infusion of fruit Zostera laxative: 2 tablespoons pour 500 ml boiling water, bring to a boil for 8 hours. Drink 100 ml per night or 1-2 tablespoons 4 times a day for 20 minutes before eating. You can prepare a decoction of the fruits of Zostera laxative: 40 g of raw materials, pour 500 ml boiling water, boil 5 minutes, to insist 1 hour, to drink 100 ml for the night. To overdose is not recommended because goster irritate the lining of the intestinal tract.

Efficient under any constipation broth of a bark krushiny olgovichi: 30 g of crushed material pour 500 ml boiling water, boil for 30 minutes, to insist 10 hours, to use 1 teaspoon for the night. If performance is inadequate, the dose can be doubled.

A decoction of the roots and rhizomes of rhubarb garden. 20 g of raw materials, pour 200 ml of boiling water, to insist 1 hour, to filter, eat at night on third or half of a teaspoon.

Laxative effect of the above plants is manifested through 8-10-12 hours.

Recorded

Lyudmila BEZVERKHNY.