Can low temperatures affect health of the person

"Frost and sun - day wonderful" - who is not known to these verses? Here are just Moroz not to everyone's liking. With the onset of autumn-winter season some bothering cold, people complain about the eyes, runny nose. Sometimes, and red spots or blisters appear on the face. But once they find themselves in a warm room, troubles are. "It's cold Allergy", - explain myself a reaction to the cold air. The specialists have a different opinion, explaining that with the classic allergic these symptoms have nothing in common. What is the reason for this unpleasant situation, is it possible with this scourge to cope? This conversation with a specialist doctor allergist University hospital Christina Lord.


Christina Ostapovna, what the disease actually is hidden under this name: "cold Allergy", and what are its symptoms? Unlike patients, medicine does not recognize cold Allergy as a separate disease because of the fact that the wind or cold air does not contain allergens that trigger a painful reaction of the organism. However, there is such concept, as Croatia. In fact, cold Allergy may be due to the presence in the body of certain proteins that become active under the influence of cold, for example, crioglobuline - immune complexes with unique physical properties. Under the influence of cold starts their aggregation is sticking together, which leads to the release of biologically active substances, which damage the fabric. These complexes in most cases, easily fall under the influence of heat, so after moving into a warm room most people begin to feel much better. So, I guess that does not matter how it will be interpreted this disease - cold Allergy or Croatia is important the very fact that this extraordinary Allergy (or rather, a kind of pseudoallergy) there is, therefore, must learn to recognize and treat. Croatia is manifested in different ways: there are cold urticaria, cold dermatitis, vasomotor rhinitis, cheilitis (inflammation of the lips), migraine, bronhospazm. Characteristic exactly allergic reactions are swelling, especially noticeable around the eyes and around the mouth. In some patients, according to the observations of doctors, face additional rash whitish or slightly pink. When the cold urticaria skin is covered with bubbles and red spots, which are sometimes merged, forming a large area of defeat. This may be preceded by itching, pain or burning. During cold dermatitis broken the power of open sites of a skin and they usually hide crimson spots that itch and peel, the skin becomes dry, changes its image. A rash may appear on the skin, pale pink color, thick consistency. They cause unbearable itching, which speeds warm, along with a rash. Favorite localization cold urticaria and cold dermatitis are parts in direct contact with the environment: the skin of the face, hands, ears, mucous membrane of the lips, dry skin of the feet. Sometimes dermatitis affects sensitive to cold inner thighs and knees. Actually provoke cold allergies can not only decrease the temperature, but also, say, bathing, washing dishes or banal peeling potatoes in cold water. It is believed that cold Allergy may be related to heredity, and if you have relatives are available, the risk of cold Allergy increases. But in any case it is necessary to remember that cold Allergy is still psevdoallergicakie syndrome, i.e. this is only part of the other, non-allergic diseases.


- What is the reason of such troubles? - Reasons "fault" of the body, tuning it to "pseudoallergy lad", much: carious teeth, worm infestation, various chronic diseases (cholecystitis, pancreatitis, colitis, gastritis), inflammation, viral, bacterial infection. To reveal the true reason, start with consultations district physician in the clinic. He will appoint a comprehensive examination of the body (blood, urine, liver function tests, ultrasound of internal organs) and, if necessary, may refer you to other specialists. Of course, best of all chronic disease is not run, and at least once a year to take preventive examinations and tests, the women to visit a gynaecologist men after 40 years - urologist. A separate and rather large group of patients with cold Allergy are young patients with so-called "blood-transmitted history" - after surgery, dental procedures, blood transfusions, etc. In such patients need first of all to search lymphotropic infections, including chronic hepatitis C and b, cytomegalovirus, Epstein-Barr-Virus and HIV infection. Particular caution should be women, which came into menopause suffering from dysfunction of the ovaries and other hormonal disorders. The elderly such situations, unfortunately, often combined with paraneoplastic manifestations, i.e. are early manifestation of the growth of malignant tumors. The risk group also are children with aggravated allergologicaki history and chronic infections (caries, chronic tonsillitis, worm infestation, etc.). In General, young people are more prone to cold Allergy than older people.


- What methods of diagnostics "cold Allergy"? - To make an examination in the regional center of clinical immunology and Allergology using alargamientodepene (exposition cold test). For this purpose the piece of ice with a diameter of 2-3 cm is applied to the skin of the inner side of the forearm and fix the bandage on for 3 minutes. After 5-10 minutes, if the response is positive, the skin occurs britiany bubble, in the form of matching the contours of the piece of ice. When negative reaction occurs only slight hyperemia. The exposition test can be performed in different modifications, using a test tube with ice cubes, which are attached to the skin for 10 minutes. What should be the doctor's tactics during the confirmation cold Allergy? Of course, first of all - the so-called etiological decrypt, as a cause cold Allergy, as you have seen, can be a variety of reasons - from osteochondrosis vermehrung spine to serious viral infections or tumors. After the establishment of the causes need timely and effective treatment of the underlying disease.


- avoid hypothermia, tempered only in the summer, and that with double care; - wear clothes made of cotton because of artificial fiber "attract" cold allergies, moreover, they themselves can determine the contact psevdoallergicakie reaction. In any case, under garments should be worn cotton, not synthetic linen - before going out to drink hot tea and warm clothes: high collar, hooded scarf and gloves to protect skin from cold; for an hour before going to grease the hands and face protection, cryoprotective cream (not only hydrating!); - frequent techniques bath or shower exacerbate the course of cold Allergy. It is better to hold water procedures in the evening, when people no longer go out on the street. After washing, must be applied to the skin nourishing oil.

Recorded Larysa LUKASHUK.