THE SYSTEM DISEASES OF THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM : SWALLOWING DISORDER (DYSPHAGIA) - etiology, pathogenesis, symptoms and course of, recognition, prediction and prevention
Organic and functional diseases of the esophagus. The most common cause is narrowing of the esophagus on the soil of the tumor; less dysphagia occurs in soil cicatricial stenosis on the former site of the ulcer in acute esophagitis, when esophageal diverticula, in case of compression outside tumors of the mediastinum in spasm of the esophagus, hysterical and neuropathic entities, as well as with bulbar lesions
Symptoms. Depending on the nature of the disease, difficulty swallowing may have its own distinctive features. When esophageal stenosis, regardless of its causes, dysphagia occurs gradually. First, the patient has difficulty in passing solid food; over time swallowing dense food becomes impossible; the patient can only swallow liquid, until, finally, the passage of liquid food becomes difficult. In acute inflammation of the esophagus spasm of the esophagus functional dysphagia may develop very quickly. The alternation of dysphagia occurs when diverticula of the esophagus. Along with dysphagia, especially in organic zabolevaniyah esophagus, patients report pain when passing food to his esophagus, and salivation.
Over. When dysphagia on soil organic diseases of the esophagus, and dependent on its durability, sooner or later developed severe cachexia from starvation that causes the patient to die.
Recognition of the nature of dysphagia, especially in the initial period, is sometimes great difficulties. The sounding of the esophagus in different stages of the disease gives different results. Much larger results to clarify the nature of dysphagia gives an x-ray that allows you to set the difficulty of passing the mixture of barium, but also the localization and character of the process in the esophagus.
The prediction depends on the nature painful process, timely detection and timely treatment.
Treatment depending on the nature of the underlying disease.