care for the newborn : PATENT FORAMEN OVALE IN THE HEART OF A CHILD
Patent foramen ovale in the heart is a hole between the Atria during fetal development plays the role of the compulsory component. This anatomical lumen of the heart helps the fetus to work harder, because his lungs are still unable to provide desired speed of circulation.
It is a small hole in the heart of the baby is responsible for the reduction of blood flow to the lungs and the transfer of the blood to actively developing organs and especially to the brain.
After the birth of a child begins pulmonary function terms of circulation, so the oval window loses its functions and gradually to 7-8 months of baby's life, is closed. 50% healthy kids oval window continues to function up to 1 year, and this is no reason to worry. Half of the children older, the functioning of the oval window lasts up to 5 years, and 25% of the window is saved all life.
The main thing is to ensure that blood flow — hemodynamics — in the child's body was in the right direction, without any discharge of blood from left to right. If hemodynamics are disrupted, the child can assign defect correction. For elective surgery, the best is aged 3 to 5 years.