The human body consists of a dense grid of blood vessels that permeate all tissues and form the circulatory system. The length of veins and arteries, if you put them together, will amount to about 96 500 km. Is extremely large "transport route, which overcomes the blood, washing all the organs, saturating the body with oxygen and necessary nutrients. How landscaped this "road", affects our health, the health of brain, heart, lungs, kidneys, liver, legs, all systems of the body. Sometimes on the way circulatory there are certain obstacles that cause dangerous diseases, one of them - throm - formation in the veins of blood clot (thrombus). How to protect yourself from this disease? How to detect it and get adequate assistance? Learn about this today.
SEAL AND REDNESS POINT TO THE DANGER
Thrombophlebitis is an inflammation of the walls of veins with the formation of these blood clot. Most frequently a complication of varicose veins (so it is extremely important to treat the disease). Among the reasons thrombophlebitis also a variety of infections (influenza, tonsillitis, scarlet fever, pneumonia, carious teeth, tuberculosis and not only). Infection through blood and lymph can get to the wall of the vein, causing an inflammatory process, and further the emergence of a blood clot. Blood clots caused by changes on the inner surface of blood vessels due to atherosclerotic lesion formation of fatty deposits - atherosclerotic plaques); increase in blood clotting; slowing down of blood flow (during pregnancy, weakness, cardiac activity, a stay longer weakened sick in bed, still work). The most common is the thrombosis of the lower extremities. Formed the clot can dissolve. And may plug the hole vessels, disrupt blood flow and function of the organ or more bodies. The clot can break off and block the lumen of the other vessel, or to disrupt the function of the organ. This is especially dangerous in the case of plugging the holes vessels of such organs as the heart, lungs, brain, kidneys. With the defeat of thrombus veins of the lower extremities in the acute stage the patient usually complains of pain in the calf muscles, which are intensified when walking or back flexion of the foot. Increased body temperature, and sometimes up to 39.5 C, which, as a rule, is accompanied by General malaise. Swollen affected by a blood clot in the legs, the feeling of fullness in the leg. The skin becomes red or pale white, even bluish color. Appear under the skin compacted areas of different size, which you can feel when you touch them (this is the blood clots).
Basically diagnostics thrombophlebitis quite available and does not cause any difficulties. To detect diseases used instrumental methods of investigation - the reovasographiya (studies of vascular tone and blood supply to the extremities), or ultrasonic dopplerography (the study of permeability of vessels). The most accurate information can be obtained by ultrasonic duplex angioscanning with color coding of blood flow, which allows to estimate the condition of the walls and the gleam of the veins, the presence of thrombotic masses, the nature of the clot, and even the period of its formation. Ultrasonic scanning to identify the length of a blood clot. Laboratory analysis of blood significant information does not, can only point to moderately expressed signs of inflammation.
IN SEVERE STAGE-OPERATION
Treatment of thrombophlebitis depends on localization (lesions superficial or deep veins) and duration of the disease and should be under the supervision of vascular surgeon in a specialized center. It is aimed at rapid resorption of a blood clot, reduction of inflammation in the blood vessels, preventing the formation of new blood clots. Among pharmaceuticals to this end, apply non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, derived routine, anticoagulants, etc. the Majority of patients with thrombophlebitis can be treated conservatively in the outpatient setting. However, with the defeat of large and small subcutaneous veins, when there is a danger of transition thrombosis deep vein (i.e. there is a threat to human life)immediate hospitalization to the surgical hospital. Such patients after ultrasonic scanning operate in the emergency order.
FIRST, PEACE, AND THEN THE MOVEMENT
Acute thrombophlebitis patient is prescribed bed rest for 3-5 days. The affected leg is fixed up to 20 degrees position, the so-called bus (this improves venous outflow of blood, reduces swelling, and pain). A good analgesic effect has local cooling: by the leg, put an ice pack, which is wrapped with several layers of fabric to prevent frostbite. If this is not an acute thrombophlebitis or chronic thrombophlebitis, it is recommended to improve blood circulation to do compresses: alcoholic at night, or gently several times a day to RUB into the skin aching legs heparin ointment (in the acute phase of the disease, especially in the early days, the heat, the fat bandage should not be used because the pain can increase, there is a threat of the formation of new blood clots). After the acute symptoms of the disease will pass away, the patient is allowed to turn on the bed, sit down, the release of the finiteness of the bus for 10-20 minutes, keep it in a horizontal position. On the 5th day of treatment are allowed to go, starting with a few steps, gradually increasing the load. The leg should be bandaged elastic bandage (this improves blood circulation and prevents the risk of spread of thrombosis skin, and deep vein). Also in the position of lying to do special exercises to improve circulation (it individually for each prescribed by a doctor). If the diagnosis of infectious thrombophlebitis, especially purulent (then in the course of the affected vein blood clots developing multiple abscesses, i.e. abscesses, ulcers), the patient is prescribed antibiotics. In other cases, antibiotics need to abstain, because they increase blood clotting that throm not desirable.
PHYSICAL PROCEDURES AND DIET
A special place in the conservative treatment of thrombophlebitis is physical therapy. Physiotherapeutic procedures (treatment currents UHF, diathermy, electrophoresis with trypsin, heparin and so on) are performed at the hospital or clinic. They contribute to the expansion of the arteries, improves blood circulation in limbs, accelerating the resorption Trumbull attention desirable and diet: it is necessary to limit the consumption of animal fats (to protect vessels from the formation of atherosclerotic plaques), greater use in the diet of vegetable oil (they are easily digested and have a positive effect on the blood vessels), eat more vegetables and berries, rich in ascorbic acid and rutin: citrus fruits, tomatoes, sweet pepper, black currant (they strengthen the walls of blood vessels). A few months after the recovery is well to go to the sanatorium, which focuses on these diseases.
ALWAYS ON THE LOOK - PHYTOTHERAPY
Useful in the treatment of thrombophlebitis medicinal plants that have a pronounced therapeutic effect and affect different reasons that caused the disease. Verbena drug promotes the resorption of blood clots, prevents formation, and normalizes the function of the skin due to the content of glycosides verbenalin, Verbania, essential oils, tannins, salts kremnezemakh acid. Infusion of leaves and flowers vervain medicinal prepare so: 3 teaspoons of raw materials pour 400 ml of boiled water, bring to a boil, insist 1 hour, drink 2 tablespoons 3 times a day. Flowers Robinia normal (acacia) contain essential salicylic acid which reduce blood clotting. Tincture of these colors: chopped raw material to fill 60% solution of ethyl alcohol in the ratio 1:5, to insist 7 days, strain, RUB in the skin of the affected sites, 2 times a day. You can use tincture inside 5 drops 4 times a day. Have anti-inflammatory properties, and reduces blood clots inflorescences hop usual. Take greenish-yellow flowers, dry and brew 2 tablespoons of 500 ml boiling water, boil 5 minutes, insist 2 hours, strain and drink 50 ml 4 times a day before meals. If you feel prominent sedative and Sodeistviye effect, take in the afternoon. Except for oral administration, the infusion of inflorescences hops put as a compress on the affected skin. Curative effect when thrombophlebitis has such a collection of medicinal plants: leaves of hazel normal - 30 g, flowers chestnut normal - 30 g; grass sushenitsy swamp - 50 g; leaves cranberries - 20 Preparation: 2 tablespoons collection pour 500 ml boiling water, to insist 2 hours, strain, drink 100 ml 4 times a day before meals. You can attach the infusion to the affected area as a compress. Collecting useful for male patients with BPH. It helps the drug citral, which is part of the molecule of vitamin a and is used in a 1% alcohol solution 10-20 drops 4 times a day before meals. Citral is able to normalize the blood clotting process. Therefore, it is useful to use to prevent blood clots, or when a blood clot has formed. Best applied in combination with other herbal preparations.
TREAT VARICOSE AND DO EXERCISES FOR LEGS
Any disease prevention is better, so let's talk about the prevention of thrombosis. To protect themselves from this disease, timely treat diseases of the veins, especially early (uncomplicated) stages of varicose disease. If you know that your vessel is rather vulnerable, strengthen them with the help of special exercises for the legs (this will consult you in the study of physical therapy clinics in your area), there are special facilities for those who because of the nature of the profession (hairdressers, sellers) forced most of the day to spend on his feet. After all diseases of veins occur because of poor blood circulation, and exercise will help enhance circulation. Increase the tone of venous vessels, which is important for the passage of blood through the veins and filling with blood right (venous) half of the heart, correctly organized training. Here are some exercises that you can use in the initial form of varicose veins (run in a lying position): bend and unbend your knees, tensing and relaxing muscles of the thighs (repeat 10-12 times); slowly bend the legs at the ankle joints, then straighten (repeat 10 times); slowly bend and unbend toes (repeat 10 times); at the end - raise your hands through side - breath, lower - exhale (repeat 3-4 times). Breathing exercises are favorable venous circulation, strengthening the venous blood circulation. It is also recommended 2-4 times a day to lie on 10-15 min raised on the support feet. Prevent varicose veins women during pregnancy, starting from the second semester, you need to wear special compressive stockings, they improve the blood circulation in the limbs. People who have had surgery to the lower limbs, during the rehabilitation need to do special exercises (it will appoint a specialist). Save your veins from overloads and infections and remember that your health depends on you, the main thing is not to forget about it and every day to pay attention to your body.