THE SNAKE BITES - etiology, pathogenesis, symptoms and course of, recognition, prediction and prevention:
Symptoms. Local phenomenon depending on species of venomous snakes, sometimes only 2 puncture wounds, while in other cases, the pain, swelling and redness, multiple cutaneous ecchymosis, limpangog, lymphadenitis, blisters, abscess; common phenomena - anxiety, tremor, syncope, then headache, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, thirst, swallowing disorders, diarrhea, dyspnea, collapse with small frequent pulse, cold sweats, prostration; in particularly unfavorable cases often bleeding from natural orifices of the body, petechiae, convulsions.
Immediately under the skin of specific antitoxic serum. To remove the poison and prevent its absorption - couple tug (no more than 2 hours) of the limb above, i.e. Central, the bite, sucking the wound is useful for bitten, but dangerous for sucking, if he violated the integrity of the oral mucosa, it is best to put chromosone banks (useful pre-knife to widen the wound and create a small amount of bleeding); the cutting of the wound (at a distance of 2 cm in the healthy parts), or burning it with a hot iron (for example, a nail, a key) or pakalana, chromic acid, caustic alkali, with silver nitrate, nitric acid, 10% tincture of iodine. In the nearest circumference of the wound under the skin (1 - 2% solution of potassium permanganate) (2 - 3 ml 2 - 3 times a day), 2% solution of calcium chloride (20 - 30 ml), 3 - 6% solution of ammonium carbonate, 2% solution of Calcii hypochlorosi, or savelevel water. To slow absorption - injection under the skin around the wound of a solution of 1 : 1 000 hydrochloric acid of adrenaline (for anesthesia add hydrochloric procaine 0.5 - 1% solution); why immobilization of a limb, cold lotions of lead water, vinegar, alkaline baths, a 2% chlorine solution. To accelerate the elimination of poison from the body - drink plenty of warm tea or coffee, under the skin or into a vein glucose solution or saline drip (long) enema of the same solution. To prevent internal bleeding, and local inflammatory events in Vienna 3% solution of calcium chloride to 20 ml per day 6 - 10 days in a row; with oppression of breathing and blood circulation under the skin camphor, lobeline, adrenaline, inside - ammonia, 70º alcohol wine, brandy (children of alcoholic beverages not give), warm baths; in severe cases, prolonged use of artificial respiration.