CHEILITIS (CHEILITIS)

CHEILITIS (CHEILITIS)- QR

DISEASES OF THE SKIN : - etiology, pathogenesis, symptoms and course of, recognition, prediction and prevention

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What is the CHEILITIS (CHEILITIS) and how it is treated?

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Etiology and pathogenesis CHEILITIS (CHEILITIS)

Cheilitis causes.

Under this name combined several clinical forms of lesion of the vermilion border with different etiology and pathogenesis.

Distinguish between the following basic forms of cheilitis:

  • Exfoliative cheilitis (cheilitis exfoliativa). Etiology and pathogenesis are unknown.
  • Actinic cheilitis (cheilitis actinica). The etiology and pathogenesis. A major role in the pathogenesis of the disease plays an increased sensitivity of the skin to sunlight.
  • Glandular cheilitis (cheilitis glandularis). The etiology and pathogenesis. The disease is characterized by hypertrophy of the salivary glands.
  • Cheilitis streptococcal (cheilitis streptococcica). The etiology and pathogenesis. Pathogen - Streptococcus, possibly in combination with Staphylococcus. Disease red border is usually associated with streptococcal erosion of the corners of the mouth (see Zayed).
  • Cheilitis yeast (cheilitis blastomycetica). The etiology and pathogenesis. The disease is caused by yeast-like fungi of the genus Candida (Monilia). Usually associated with yeast erosion of the corners of the mouth (see Blastomycosis of the skin surface, Zayed).

Symptoms and course CHEILITIS (CHEILITIS)

Exfoliative cheilitis (cheilitis exfoliativa).

Symptoms. Significant peeling of the lip skin in the form of a dense layering of dry flakes of grayish-white color. Upon removal of the scales reveals a reddened surface, easily bleeding, which is then covered tightly seated crusts.

For chronic.

Actinic cheilitis (cheilitis actinica).

Symptoms. Redness, swelling, sometimes significant, peeling of the lip skin and the formation of cracks and crusts. More ill bottom lip. The disease occurs in the spring.

For chronic.

Glandular cheilitis (cheilitis glandularis).

Symptoms. If lip to turn out, become visible dilated openings of the excretory ducts of the salivary glands on the background of bright red mucous. With pressure from the holes stand out droplets of light liquid like dew; sometimes there is a formation of small crusts.

For chronic.

Cheilitis streptococcal (cheilitis streptococcica).

Symptoms. The clinical picture, are little known and manifested by redness, swelling, peeling; quite often the phenomena of exudation and crusting.

During the sometimes protracted.

Cheilitis yeast (cheilitis blastomycetica).

The symptoms are little known: moderate redness, sometimes with a bluish tinge, slight swelling and peeling thin whitish scales. The skin is thinned, sometimes tense and covered with delicate radiarnuû grooves. Subjectively there was a slight itch.

For chronic.

 

Treatment CHEILITIS (CHEILITIS)

Exfoliative cheilitis (cheilitis exfoliativa).

Treatment. Inside Riboflavin 0,005 - 0,01 and nicotinic acid 0.05 - 0.1, 3 times a day after meals. If possible eliminate the annoying rinses, toothpastes, lipstick. In the presence of significant inflammation,swelling apply cold lotions from Borovskoy liquid (a tablespoon per Cup of water). Rinse with saline. Boron or boron-glycerin ointment. Lanolin cream. Dahila ointment.

Actinic cheilitis (cheilitis actinica).

Treatment. It is necessary to avoid exposure to the sun (wearing the big hat). Inside quinacrine, nicotinic acid (see lupus Lupus). Topically boric ointment; protective paste with salol.

Glandular cheilitis (cheilitis glandularis).

Treatment. Radiation rays Bucca. Lubrication 15% solution of lactic acid.

Cheilitis streptococcal (cheilitis streptococcica).

The General and local treatment, as in streptococcal erosion of the corners of the mouth (see Zayed).

Cheilitis yeast (cheilitis blastomycetica).

Treatment (see Blastomycosis surface, Zayed). Topical ointment of 10% on lanolin borax with peach oil; lubricating aniline dyes (2% aqueous solution metilvioleta). Furthermore, there is a lesion of the vermilion border with different dermatoses, for example, when eczema (see), especially oral, lichen planus (see), lupus erythematosus (see).

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