DISEASES OF THE SKIN : - etiology, pathogenesis, symptoms and course of, recognition, prediction and prevention



What is the THE PARSHA (FAVUS) and how it is treated?


Etiology and pathogenesis THE PARSHA (FAVUS)

Causes scab.

The disease is caused by the fungus Achorion Schönleini, parasitic only on human skin. Infection occurs mainly in close family contact. Was observed endemic outbreaks in institutions, especially among toddlers. Hypo-and avitaminosis and tuberculosis contribute to the contamination and heavy for scab.


Symptoms and course THE PARSHA (FAVUS)

Symptoms. The causative agent of scab affects the scalp, smooth skin and fingernails, at least on the feet.

Favus of the scalp (favus capillitii).


  1. skutulârnaâ form with the presence of the characteristic ohranjati, round crusts - flaps (or skutula) with blubeckers depression in the center, often riddled with hair. Skutuly merge to form a solid crust. Very characteristic scars after the scab in the form of a thin, atrophied, shiny, first red, later white skin; the hair is not affected broken, long, have serupepeli color, dull, dull, stiff, reminiscent of a tow;
  2. impetiginoznoy form with the presence of unusual yellowish-brown or brownish crusts under crusts of the phenomenon of atrophy of the skin; the hair is also characterized by change;
  3. squamous, or piterion form - in the form of diffuse lamellar peeling to the layering of yellowish scales; beneath the layer of scales, the skin is also atrophic, bleeds easily; hair is also characterized by change, there is Often an increase in BTE, cervical or occipital lymph glands. Microscopic examination of modified hair found inside the hair filaments of various length and thickness, sometimes septate, not closely spaced (unlike trichophyton endotrix), the group of polymorphic spores, air bubbles (not always).

For chronic, and without treatment can last for tens of years; the process ends with the formation of a solid scar.

Scab smooth skin (favus cutis glabrae).

The skin of the trunk and limbs, and also on the face can occur rounded, scaly erythematous foci resembling dermatophytosis or typical skutuly - flaps.

For persistent, especially in the presence of the skutula on the skin in adults.

Favus of the nails (favus unguium).

In the interior of the nail spots yellow (skutuly), gradually increasing; slow deformation of the plate, thickening due to the development of subungual hyperkeratosis.

For chronic.

Treatment PARSHA (FAVUS)

Favus of the scalp (favus capillitii).

Treatment is mainly with ringworm (see).

Scab smooth skin (favus cutis glabrae).

Remove the skutula scalpel or sharp spoon, in the future, as in the treatment of microsporia ringworm or skin (see ringworm); particularly shows a method of detachment (see ringworm Versicolor).

Favus of the nails (favus unguium).

Treatment, as in ringworm (cm) nails. In advanced cases of scab in immunocompromised patients necessarily restorative treatment, proper food, politicomilitary, fish oil and iron supplements. In severe cases with symptoms of bowel prescribe blood transfusions. Prevention of scab basically the same as in ringworm (see).