DISEASES OF THE EAR : Neuritis of the AUDITORY NERVE (NEURITIS N. VIII) - etiology, pathogenesis, symptoms and course of, recognition, prediction and prevention
Toxic inflammation of the auditory nerve or degeneration caused by:
Symptoms and recognition. Can fall ill cochlear or vestibular branch, or both together. When the disease of the cochlear nerve hearing loss, with the nature of the lesion zvukovosprinimajushchy apparatus, noises. The defeat of the vestibular apparatus corresponds to a full or partial loss of vestibular function. Joint lesion of vestibular and cochlear function speaks for the disease of the labyrinth; isolated suffering cochlear or vestibular branch speaks for retrolabyrinthine suffering.
Prediction adversely in respect of the hearing (comes complete, often partial loss of hearing).
Treatment should be directed against the main disease; quiet, distraction (banks, laxatives), injections of vitamin B1; in acute disease diaphoretic, pilocarpine.