Neuritis of the AUDITORY NERVE (NEURITIS N. VIII)

Neuritis of the AUDITORY NERVE (NEURITIS N. VIII)- QR

DISEASES OF THE EAR : - etiology, pathogenesis, symptoms and course of, recognition, prediction and prevention

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What is the Neuritis of the AUDITORY NERVE (NEURITIS N. VIII) and how it is treated?

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Etiology and pathogenesis Neuritis of the AUDITORY NERVE (NEURITIS N. VIII)

Toxic inflammation of the auditory nerve or degeneration caused by:

  1. infectious diseases - cerebrospinal meningitis, mumps, measles, scarlet fever, influenza, typhus, syphilis, tuberculosis, etc.;
  2. injuries of the skull;
  3. General diseases, diseases of blood vessels - arteriosclerosis, leukemia, hemorrhage, nephritis, diabetes;
  4. drugs - large doses of quinine, salicylic drugs;
  5. alcohol and tobacco;
  6. mineral poisons - arsenic, lead, mercury, phosphorus, etc.

 

Symptoms and course Neuritis of the AUDITORY NERVE (NEURITIS N. VIII)

Symptoms and recognition. Can fall ill cochlear or vestibular branch, or both together. When the disease of the cochlear nerve hearing loss, with the nature of the lesion zvukovosprinimajushchy apparatus, noises. The defeat of the vestibular apparatus corresponds to a full or partial loss of vestibular function. Joint lesion of vestibular and cochlear function speaks for the disease of the labyrinth; isolated suffering cochlear or vestibular branch speaks for retrolabyrinthine suffering.

Predictions Neuritis of the AUDITORY NERVE (NEURITIS N. VIII)

Prediction adversely in respect of the hearing (comes complete, often partial loss of hearing).

Treatment of neuritis of the AUDITORY NERVE (NEURITIS N. VIII)

Treatment should be directed against the main disease; quiet, distraction (banks, laxatives), injections of vitamin B1; in acute disease diaphoretic, pilocarpine.

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