EYE DISEASES : CONGESTIVE NIPPLE (PAPILLITIS OEDEMATOSA) - etiology, pathogenesis, symptoms and course of, recognition, prediction and prevention
Etiology. Increased intracranial pressure most often in tumors of the brain, then in dropsy of the brain, with serous meningitis, the deformations of the skull (skull tower). Compression of blood vessels and the optic nerve in the orbit gives a one-sided congestive nipple.
The pathogenesis. Swelling of the nipple due to hindered the flow of parenchymal fluid nerve.
Symptoms. Stosowanej borders and a strong swollen nipple nerve, enlargement and tortuosity of the veins, narrowing of arteries, often multiple hemorrhages.
The course is very slow. Central vision long falls, but not eliminated the cause of the final outcome in optic nerve atrophy and blindness.
From neuritis has a strong bulging of the nipple, strong dilation and tortuosity of veins and good condition of view.
Treatment of the underlying disease. In inflammatory processes of intravenous 40% solution of hexamine or hexamine with glucose, penicillin in high doses. In cases of brain tumors - surgical treatment.