MENTAL ILLNESS : - etiology, pathogenesis, symptoms and course of, recognition, prediction and prevention



What is the NEUROSIS and how it is treated?


Etiology and pathogenesis NEUROSIS

Neuroses arise from acute or prolonged stress to the nervous system under the influence of somatogennye and psychogenic factors, fatigue, exhaustion, etc. and also in connection with certain innate properties of the nervous system. These properties are not constant and depend largely on the environmental conditions.

The classification of types of the nervous system Pavlov put individual differences of the nervous system, depending on the strength of nervous processes, the balance of these processes and mobility, plasticity transition from excitation to inhibition or back. Accordingly Pavlov identified four main types: three strong and one weak type. This applies to humans and animals. To the development of neuroses especially prone individuals with a weak nervous system, characterized by a weak development of both excitation and inhibition. For a man, who unlike animals has not only the first but also the second signal system, Pavlov allocates a new, unique human types: art, dominated by the first signal systems thinking, with the prevalence of the second signal system, front, in which both systems are balanced. Unlike hysteria neurasthenia and psychasthenia are already specifically human neuroses, the development of which is dependent on the breach between the two signaling systems.

In the structure of neurosis include: irritable weakness with fatigue and exhaustion, loss of the ability to correct emotional disturbances (fears, etc.), the sense of failure and internal conflict as a result of the inability to resolve life's contradictions. According to the teachings of Pavlov, we are talking about conflicts between the processes of inhibition and excitation. Major neuroses are:

  • hysteria (Hysteria (see),
  • neurasthenia,
  • psychasthenia (Psychasthenia (see).