DISEASES OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM : - etiology, pathogenesis, symptoms and course of, recognition, prediction and prevention



What is the PAIN (NEURALGIA) and how it is treated?


Etiology and pathogenesis PAIN (NEURALGIA)

Neuralgia - acute pains, localized within a single, rarely multiple peripheral nerves.

Neuralgia caused by various exogenous and endogenous reasons:

  • acute and chronic infections (flu, sore throat, malaria, tuberculosis),
  • intoxication with various poisons (lead, arsenic, mercury, alcohol).

Often neuralgia appear in chronic intoxications on the grounds of gastrointestinal disorders, diabetes, can occur in the presence of chronic toxicoinfection foci (gynecological diseases, tonsillitis); there are gout and hypertension. In some cases, there on the ground injured.

Symptoms and course PAIN (NEURALGIA)

Symptoms. The main symptom is subjective and acutely arise in the form of attacks of pain (burning sensation in the chest, sometimes "shooting"). To join pain paresthesia: a feeling of crawling, numb, cold. Objective examination marked "pain points" at the place of exit of the trigeminal, sciatic and other nerves; often there is hyperesthesia, vasomotor-secretory disorders in the form of redness or poslednee, wetness or dryness of the skin. If neuralgia goes into a stage of neuritis or accompanies it, it is sensitive to can join and reflex musculoskeletal disorders. Neuralgia usually occur in the form of attacks of greater or lesser duration.

The most frequent neuralgia are as follows: