DISEASES OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM : DIZZINESS (VERTIGO) - etiology, pathogenesis, symptoms and course of, recognition, prediction and prevention
Dizziness is a symptom of many diseases, among which the first place is magerovsky syndrome, labyrinthitis and other diseases of the inner ear, encephalitis, cerebral circulation, in particular, hypertension, concussion and contusion of the brain, multiple sclerosis, syphilis, brain tumor. Often dizziness attached to functional disorders, autonomic disorders, neurasthenia, hysteria. Dizziness may occur with anemia.
Symptoms and recognition. Symptoms depend on the primary cause and localization of suffering. When meneruskan syndrome to the vertigo of various intensity and duration joins tinnitus and objective symptoms: hearing loss, temporary or permanent, during a seizure, spontaneous nystagmus, different vasomotor-vegetative disorders (redness of the face, limbs, urticaria, vasomotor rhinitis). Attacks magnetoscope syndrome can be and in endocrine-vegetative disorders, gout and other metabolic disorders, and diseases of the middle ear. The labyrinthitis of different origin (influenza, meningococcal and streptococcal infection due to diseases of the inner ear of different origin), along with dizziness as the sense of rotation, characterized by tinnitus, horizontal or horizontal rotatory nystagmus, impaired balance, nausea; symptoms General labyrinthica missing. From encephalitis dizziness often accompanied by vestibular form (see). Dizziness may occur with tumors of different localization, if there is increased intracranial pressure.
Treatment - depending on the underlying cause. When all acutely emerging dizziness the patient should be given complete rest. When meneruskan syndrome is assigned to a milk diet. During the attack the rest, which is distracting means warmer to the feet. In the presence of hypertension with high blood pressure recommended bloodletting (200 - 300 ml), or leeches, mustard on the mastoid. Sometimes a favorable effect is obtained, from the release of cerebrospinal fluid (10 - 15 ml). When arteriosclerosis with hypertension give diuretin with luminara, when the attacks accompanied by vomiting, - atropine; to regulate the autonomic nervous system prescribed drugs calcium orally or intravenously (10 ml 10% solution). A treatment with quinine. In acute stroke with suspected labyrinth apoplexy or flushing is recommended quinine, iodine. When the dizziness accompanying functional diseases, it is recommended that restorative treatment, bromides, hydrotherapy. When labyrinthica different origin - treatment of the main disease. You should always pay attention to the condition of internal organs, metabolism, blood and treat all marked deviations.