DISEASES OF CHILDHOOD : DIABETES SUGAR - etiology, pathogenesis, symptoms and course of, recognition, prediction and prevention
Cm. Diseases of the currency.
Especially in children.
For. Usually all the symptoms are identified quickly; without treatment easily come comatose phenomena. General physical development and sexual maturation of the child is delayed. Children suffering from diabetes, can be easily infected by tuberculosis, often flowing from them adversely.
The younger the child, the more careful you need to put the forecast. Forecast and quo ad vitam quo and ad valetudinem largely depends on the regularity of treatment.
Child, sick with diabetes, should be admitted to hospital for detailed examination and revealing his tolerance for carbohydrates. In the future you can't leave children on a diet with a clearly reduced total calories, as this adversely affects their physical development. The patient, if possible, should receive the amount of calories appropriate for their age needs. It is necessary to pay attention to enough high-quality protein in the daily diet of the child. The amount of bread you want to limit (100 - 200 g), sugar should be excluded, but the total amount of carbohydrates, for example, for children 7 to 12 years of age should range between 200 - 250 g; protein - about 75 - 90 g, fat - about 50 - 70, the Amount of insulin is established empirically, but to achieve complete disappearance of sugar from the urine and a normal amount of sugar in the blood is not necessary. The child must be fed and must satisfactorily to develop physically; in the urine should not be acetone and acetoacetic acid. Children are relatively easy to come phenomenon of hypoglycemia. You should pay especially attention to the taste of food. The patient should lead a normal for her age, way of life, but it is desirable to increase the duration of sleep a night and a day. Pay special attention to the condition of the nervous system. Periodically (every 1 - 1½ years), the child must be hospitalized for a short period of time for examination.