SURGICAL DISEASES, TRAUMATOLOGY, ORTHOPEDICS, UROLOGY : - etiology, pathogenesis, symptoms and course of, recognition, prediction and prevention



What is the ATHEROMA (АТНЕRОМА) and how it is treated?


Etiology and pathogenesis ATHEROMA (АТНЕRОМА)

The blockage of sebaceous glands leads to the formation of retention cysts. The cyst usually has a thin white wall and a dense connective tissue capsule. Developing atheroma is more common in middle age on the scalp, face, neck, back, scrotum and in other parts of the skin rich in sebaceous glands.

Symptoms and course ATHEROMA (АТНЕRОМА)

Symptoms. Painless rounded supple, sometimes multiple cysts, welded with skin that is over them fixed, and these cysts are relatively movable and sharply demarcated from the underlying tissues. On the skin, respectively, the top of the atheroma is any blockage in a black point (acne). Inflammation of atheroma pain, swelling increases, there is swelling and redness of the skin in a circle and develops an abscess, opened after thinning and purulent fusion of the skin. In addition to pus, stands out the contents of the atheroma and sometimes nekrotizirovanne its capsule.

For. The growth of atheroma is usually slow. When suppuration and self opening is formed fistula long-term healing, before the separation of the entire capsule. When saving part of the capsule sebaceous cyst recurs.


To differentsirovat from dermoid cysts are deeper, with skin, not soldered) and traumatic epithelial cysts (most are located on the Palmar surface of the hand and fingers, where atheroma does not happen). When the cysts of other origin no black dot on the skin in the area of blockage of the ductless glands.


Filumena complete removal of the wall. When suppuration is also preferably Filumena. At the break festering atheroma and the formation of abscess - his erection.