DISEASE OF THE ENDOCRINE GLANDS : MYXEDEMA AND HYPOTHYROIDISM (MYXOEDEMA, HYPOTHYREOSIS) - etiology, pathogenesis, symptoms and course of, recognition, prediction and prevention
Termination or reduction of the thyroid gland. The cause of the disease is congenital hypoplasia of the thyroid gland, its surgical removal, the use of intensive therapy of the thyroid gland in cases of graves ' disease, the thyroid gland lesion in acute infectious diseases, acute inflammation of the thyroid gland, intoxication, mental turmoil with their effects through the cerebral cortex. More often hypothyreosis, where symptoms are less sharply. Women get myxedema more often than men. The greatest number of disease occurs between the ages of 30 and 40 years.
Symptoms. Puffiness of the skin, mostly on the face, neck and limbs. Facial features are smoothed out. Mimicry tousewives. Skin yellowish, dry, cold, mucous membranes pale; hair is dry, drop out, especially characterized by the loss of external departments eyebrows, eyelashes, moustache, beard, teeth easily deteriorate and fall; brittle nails; voice hoarse, rough due to laryngeal edema; ears lowered. Temperatures below normal. Chilliness. The thyroid gland is poorly or not detected. Heart expanded, tone deaf, pulse slowed down. Your appetite is reduced. The weight for the most part increases. Constipation due to atony of the intestines. Basal metabolic rate is significantly reduced (by 40%). The need for drinking lowered. The function of the sexual glands is significantly reduced, especially in women. Menstruation irregular, scanty, often Cease. In men, the weakening of potency. Blood reduction in the percentage of hemoglobin, number of erythrocytes, leukocytes In children, stunted growth and development, the closure of the epiphyseal sutures and sexual development is delayed. From the nervous system: paresthesia, headaches, dizziness. Muscle hypotonicity, weak. General sluggishness, heavy sluggish gait. Mental dullness, lethargy, drowsiness, apathetic mood, slow, monotonous speech, a significant deterioration of memory. Performance declines. In children sudden retardation in mental development up to the dementia. In cases of congenital myxedema sick for a long time can not walk and talk. The lowering of the thyroid gland is sometimes accompanied, in addition to the manifestations of hypothyroidism, phenomena tirohanga o W and R e h I - rich deposits of fat around the body, and mainly in the abdomen and hips. There are cases of thyroid obesity and without clear-cut symptoms of hypothyroidism, in which a very good therapeutic effect is the use of thyroidin. Sometimes morbid obesity, the so-called disease Percuma, which is observed as the total abundant deposition of fat in the subcutaneous tissue, and a separate sleeping body fat nodes (lipoma), and fat mass rather painful when pressed and painful sensation can occur even when touching the body of the underwear. Morbid obesity many is the etiological dependence from dysfunction of the thyroid gland and in some cases, the treatment of this type of obesity thyroidin reported good results. Finally, on the soil dysfunction and hypothyroidism may experience the so-called teleohone polyarthritis characterized by strict symmetry in the defeat of the joints of the extremities, mostly small, chronic course and a good therapeutic effect from the use of thyroid therapy.
Detection is easy in explicit forms. Basal metabolic facilitates diagnosis erased forms.
Prediction in connection with the treatment of thyroidin good. You can usually eliminate all symptoms. Very heavy long-term untreated cases of difficult therapy. Manifestations of myxedema children often disappear under the influence of treatment thyroidin, although mental retardation completely eliminate it is not always possible.