DISEASE OF THE ENDOCRINE GLANDS : HYPOPHYSIAL NANISM (STUNTED GROWTH) - etiology, pathogenesis, symptoms and course of, recognition, prediction and prevention
The disease depends on the hypofunction of the anterior lobe of brain appendage, which may be caused by hypoplasia of the anterior lobe of his and dysfunction due to various pathological processes in the gland. Growth in the 130 - 120 cm or less in adult patients when saving children's proportions of the body should be attributed to the dwarf.
Symptoms. Pituitary dwarfs at birth usually have normal size and for the first time to grow normally, but then, in early childhood, comes to them slowing and stopping growth. This skeleton keeps baby proportions, there is hypoplasia of the genital organs, development of secondary sexual characteristics and phenomena of premature aging, coal on the face as the appearance of wrinkles and folds, which gives pituitary dwarfs senile appearance. With a good growth of hair on the head of hair on the body usually do not grow. On the part of metabolism marked tendency to decrease metabolic rate and high boundary digestibility of carbohydrates. The composition of the blood, mind and intellectual development often correspond to the age, although in some cases mental development is lagging behind.
For. In those cases, when a pituitary dwarf growth has a pituitary tumor, the disease is very chronic course.
Recognition based on the above is no problem.
The prediction is usually unfavorable. Pituitary dwarfs never grow back to normal size, usually short-lived and die from accidental diseases.
The treatment consists in the use of drugs of the anterior lobe of brain appendage and gonads (not very effectively). There are anecdotal observations indicate that under the influence of small doses of x-rays applied to the area of brain appendage, the pituitary dwarfs observed increased growth.